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Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Glucose Transport and Glucose Metabolism by Exercise Training

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Department of Kinesiology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
2
Department of Physiology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
3
East Carolina Diabetes & Obesity Institute, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
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Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2432; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102432
Received: 8 September 2019 / Revised: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism)
Aerobic exercise training and resistance exercise training are both well-known for their ability to improve human health; especially in individuals with type 2 diabetes. However, there are critical differences between these two main forms of exercise training and the adaptations that they induce in the body that may account for their beneficial effects. This article reviews the literature and highlights key gaps in our current understanding of the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise training on the regulation of systemic glucose homeostasis, skeletal muscle glucose transport and skeletal muscle glucose metabolism. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerobic exercise; blood glucose; functional overload; GLUT; hexokinase; insulin resistance; resistance exercise; SGLT; type 2 diabetes; weightlifting aerobic exercise; blood glucose; functional overload; GLUT; hexokinase; insulin resistance; resistance exercise; SGLT; type 2 diabetes; weightlifting
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Evans, P.L.; McMillin, S.L.; Weyrauch, L.A.; Witczak, C.A. Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Glucose Transport and Glucose Metabolism by Exercise Training. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2432.

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