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Article

Micronutrient Inadequacy in Short Sleep: Analysis of the NHANES 2005–2016

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Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2335; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102335
Received: 30 August 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep, Nutrition, and Human Health)
One third of U.S. adults report short sleep (<7 h), which has been linked to negative health outcomes. Inadequate intake of micronutrients across the U.S. adult population has been reported, and a relationship between sleep conditions and micronutrient intake is emerging. This cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2005–2016) (n = 26,211) showed that participants with short sleep duration had a lower usual intake (Food + Supplements) of calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D in all adults aged 19+ years, and vitamin K in adults aged 19–50 years, even after adjusting for covariates. In addition, participants reporting short sleep had a higher percentage of individuals with intake lower than the estimated average requirement (EAR) across multiple nutrients. Age and gender differences were observed in the prevalence of inadequate intake across multiple nutrients. Adults aged 51–99 years with short sleep duration had inadequate intake with respect to more nutrients. In females there was an association between short sleep and a higher prevalence of inadequate intake (Food + Spp) for calcium, magnesium, and vitamins A, C, D, E, and K (above adequate intake). Conversely, males reporting short sleep only had an inadequate intake of vitamin D. Overall, we demonstrate that short sleep is associated with increased nutrient inadequacy, emphasizing the possible need for dietary supplementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: short sleep; sleep duration; sleep quality; micronutrient intake; micronutrient; inadequate intake; NHANES; adults; nutrient; EAR short sleep; sleep duration; sleep quality; micronutrient intake; micronutrient; inadequate intake; NHANES; adults; nutrient; EAR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ikonte, C.J.; Mun, J.G.; Reider, C.A.; Grant, R.W.; Mitmesser, S.H. Micronutrient Inadequacy in Short Sleep: Analysis of the NHANES 2005–2016. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2335. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102335

AMA Style

Ikonte CJ, Mun JG, Reider CA, Grant RW, Mitmesser SH. Micronutrient Inadequacy in Short Sleep: Analysis of the NHANES 2005–2016. Nutrients. 2019; 11(10):2335. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ikonte, Chioma J., Jonathan G. Mun, Carroll A. Reider, Ryan W. Grant, and Susan H. Mitmesser 2019. "Micronutrient Inadequacy in Short Sleep: Analysis of the NHANES 2005–2016" Nutrients 11, no. 10: 2335. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102335

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