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Open AccessReview

Lutein Intake and Blood Lutein Concentration Are Positively Associated with Physical Activity in Adults: A Systematic Review

School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5001, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1186;
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 25 August 2018 / Accepted: 26 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients for Cardiometabolic Health and Brain Function)
Lutein is a carotenoid that reduces the risk of some chronic diseases, possibly by altering physical activity behavior. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of studies examining the relationship between lutein status (dietary intake/blood concentration) and physical activity. Peer-reviewed studies published in Medline, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, and Embase were included if they reported a measure of association between lutein status and physical activity. Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. Eleven reported positive associations, three reported mixed results, and three reported no association. Two studies used objective measures of lutein status (blood concentration) and physical activity (accelerometry) and reported positive associations, with correlations of ≥0.36 and differences of ≥57% in physical activity between upper and lower tertiles. Studies using self-report measures reported weaker correlations (r = 0.06 to 0.25), but still more physical activity (18% to ≥600% higher) in those with the highest compared with the lowest lutein status. Higher lutein status may be associated with higher levels of physical activity, which may contribute to a reduced risk of chronic disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; carotenoids; behaviour; zeaxanthin exercise; carotenoids; behaviour; zeaxanthin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cooke, M.C.; Coates, A.M.; Buckley, E.S.; Buckley, J.D. Lutein Intake and Blood Lutein Concentration Are Positively Associated with Physical Activity in Adults: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1186.

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