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Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1121; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081121

Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables by Low-Income Brazilian Undergraduate Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Nutrition, University of Brasília, Brasília 70910-900, Brazil
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Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 13 August 2018 / Published: 19 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Vulnerable Groups)
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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) by low-income students participating in the Brazilian Student Assistance Program. Methods: For three days, we measured participants’ consumption through direct observation of food intake at the University Restaurant (UR) and 24-h recall outside the restaurant. The 174 undergraduates were divided into two groups to obtain data on FV intake at the weekend (Sunday) and two days of the week. Group 1 included low-income undergraduates who received their meals for free, and Group 2 included students who paid for their meals at the UR. Results: Both groups presented a very low consumption of FV. On the weekend, Group 1 consumption was equal to Group 2, but it was higher than Group 2 on weekdays, demonstrating how important the UR is for this population. The lowest contribution of the UR to the daily consumption of FV was 59%, reaching a percentage of 87.27%. Fruit supply in the restaurant menu may have positively influenced this consumption. Conclusions: The consumption of FV varied according to the menu offered at the UR. The UR should be a space to promote healthy eating habits including more FV in its menus. View Full-Text
Keywords: consumption of fruits and vegetables; low-income undergraduate students; Student Assistance Program consumption of fruits and vegetables; low-income undergraduate students; Student Assistance Program
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Hartmann, Y.; Botelho, R.B.A.; Akutsu, R.C.C.A.; Puppin Zandonadi, R. Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables by Low-Income Brazilian Undergraduate Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1121.

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