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Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 866; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070866

Dietary Intake, Body Composition, and Oral Health Parameters among Female Patients with Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome

1
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
2
Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
3
Department of Cariology and Gerodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
4
Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, 0317 Oslo, Norway
5
Department of Hematology, Oslo University Hospital, 0317 Oslo, Norway
6
Division of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, 7505 Tygerberg, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 4 July 2018
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Abstract

There is limited knowledge about dietary intake and body composition among patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome. We assessed dietary intakes with 24-h recalls and body composition with anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance in 20 female patients. Various scoring tools were used to assess oral health. The patients had a lower energy percentage (E%) from carbohydrates (p = 0.02) and a higher E% from fat (p = 0.01) compared to a reference group. The lower intake of carbohydrates was due to a lower bread intake (p = 0.04), while the higher intake of fat was due to a higher intake of butter, margarine, and oil (p = 0.01). The patients ate more than twice (p = 0.02) as much fish as the reference group. The compliance to recommended intakes of macro- and micronutrients was good. Forty-percent of the patients were overweight/obese. Increased intake of beverages was observed in patients with severe xerostomia and/or low oral health-related quality of life, whereas reduced fat intake was found in hyposmic patients. In conclusion, the dietary intake among the patients was not much different from the reference group and complied with recommendations. Most oral health parameters were not associated with nutrient intakes. Specific dietary guidelines are probably not needed to ensure adequate nutrition among such patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: body composition; dietary intakes; oral health; primary Sjögren’s syndrome body composition; dietary intakes; oral health; primary Sjögren’s syndrome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nesvold, M.B.; Jensen, J.L.; Hove, L.H.; Singh, P.B.; Young, A.; Palm, Ø.; Frost Andersen, L.; Carlsen, M.H.; Iversen, P.O. Dietary Intake, Body Composition, and Oral Health Parameters among Female Patients with Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome. Nutrients 2018, 10, 866.

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