Next Article in Journal
Undercarboxylated Osteocalcin: Experimental and Human Evidence for a Role in Glucose Homeostasis and Muscle Regulation of Insulin Sensitivity
Previous Article in Journal
Effectiveness of Essence of Chicken on Cognitive Function Improvement: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Open AccessArticle

Dietary Intake and Food Sources of Niacin, Riboflavin, Thiamin and Vitamin B6 in a Representative Sample of the Spanish Population. The ANIBES Study

1
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and physiology of University of Valladolid, 42003 Soria, Spain
3
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, and Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada, 18100 Granada, Spain
4
CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), Carlos III Institute (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 3100 Pamplona, Spain
6
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University of Madrid, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
7
Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, C/Doctor Pasteur s/n Trasera del Hospital, 35016 Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain
8
Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, CEU San Pablo University, 28668 Madrid, Spain
9
Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN), 28010 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ANIBES (Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles in Spain).
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 846; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070846
Received: 4 June 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 29 June 2018
Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B6 are essential micronutrients that are mainly involved in energy metabolism; they may prevent the occurrence of developmental abnormalities and chronic degenerative and neoplastic diseases. The aim was to analyze dietary intake and food sources of those four nutrients in subjects (n = 2009) aged 9–75 years old from the Spanish ANIBES (Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles in Spain) study. Dietary data were collected by means of a validated, photo-based three-day dietary food record. Underreporting was analysed according to the European Food and Safety Authority (EFSA, Parma, Italy) protocol. Mean (max–min) reported intake for the whole population of thiamin was 1.17 ± 0.02 mg/day, (0.30–3.44 mg/day), riboflavin 1.44 ± 0.02 mg/day, (0.37–3.54 mg/day), niacin 29.1 ± 0.2 mg/day (6.7–109 mg/day), and vitamin B6 1.54 ± 0.01 mg/day (0.28–9.30 mg/day). The main sources of intake for thiamin, niacin, and vitamin B6 were meat and meat products, and for riboflavin were milk and dairy products. An elevated percentage of the Spanish ANIBES population meets the EFSA recommended intakes for thiamin (71.2%), riboflavin (72.0%), niacin (99.0%), and vitamin B6 (77.2%). View Full-Text
Keywords: ANIBES study; b-related vitamins; misreporting; food intake ANIBES study; b-related vitamins; misreporting; food intake
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mielgo-Ayuso, J.; Aparicio-Ugarriza, R.; Olza, J.; Aranceta-Bartrina, J.; Gil, Á.; Ortega, R.M.; Serra-Majem, L.; Varela-Moreiras, G.; González-Gross, M. Dietary Intake and Food Sources of Niacin, Riboflavin, Thiamin and Vitamin B6 in a Representative Sample of the Spanish Population. The ANIBES Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 846.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop