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Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 725; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060725

Coffee and Tea Consumption and the Contribution of Their Added Ingredients to Total Energy and Nutrient Intakes in 10 European Countries: Benchmark Data from the Late 1990s

1
UMR Nutripass, IRD-UM-Sup’Agro, 34394 Montpellier, France
2
Nutrition and Metabolism Section, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 69372 Lyon, France
3
School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, Woodview House, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
4
Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Bartholins Alle 2, room 2.26, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark
5
Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Diet, Genes and Environment, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
6
Inserm CESP U1018, Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Sud, Paris-Saclay, 94800 Villejuif, France
7
German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Division of Cancer Epidemiology, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
8
Hellenic Health Foundation, 115 27 Athens, Greece
9
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milano, Italy
10
Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, ISPO Cancer Prevention and Research Institute, 50139 Florence, Italy
11
A.O.U. FEDERICO II, 80131 Naples, Italy
12
Epidemiology and Prevention Unit Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milan, Italy
13
Department of Community Medicine UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
14
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
15
Department of Research, Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population-Based Cancer Research, NO-0304 Oslo, Norway
16
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
17
Genetic Epidemiology Group, Folkhälsan Research Center and Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinkiv, Finland
18
Navarra Public Health Institute, Pamplona, Spain IdiSNA, Navarra Institute for Health Research, 31003 Pamplona, Spain
19
CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
20
Department of Epidemiology, Regional Health Council, IMIB-Arrixaca, 30008 Murcia, Spain
21
Department of Health and Social Sciences, Universidad de Murcia, 30008 Murcia, Spain
22
EPIC Asturias, Public Health Directorate, Asturias, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
23
Unit of Nutrition, Environment and Cancer, Catalan Institute of Oncology, 08908 Barcelona, Spain
24
Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública. Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs, 18011 Granada, Spain
25
Hospitales Universitarios de Granada, Universidad de Granada, 18014 Granada, Spain
26
Clinical Science, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
27
Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
28
Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research, Umeå University, and Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, SE-901 85 Umeå, Sweden
29
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, UK
30
Department of Social & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
31
University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
32
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
33
Strangeways Research Laboratories, Department of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 1 June 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Caffeine and Coffee on Human Health)
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Abstract

Background: Coffee and tea are among the most commonly consumed nonalcoholic beverages worldwide, but methodological differences in assessing intake often hamper comparisons across populations. We aimed to (i) describe coffee and tea intakes and (ii) assess their contribution to intakes of selected nutrients in adults across 10 European countries. Method: Between 1995 and 2000, a standardized 24-h dietary recall was conducted among 36,018 men and women from 27 European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study centres. Adjusted arithmetic means of intakes were estimated in grams (=volume) per day by sex and centre. Means of intake across centres were compared by sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle factors. Results: In women, the mean daily intake of coffee ranged from 94 g/day (~0.6 cups) in Greece to 781 g/day (~4.4 cups) in Aarhus (Denmark), and tea from 14 g/day (~0.1 cups) in Navarra (Spain) to 788 g/day (~4.3 cups) in the UK general population. Similar geographical patterns for mean daily intakes of both coffee and tea were observed in men. Current smokers as compared with those who reported never smoking tended to drink on average up to 500 g/day more coffee and tea combined, but with substantial variation across centres. Other individuals’ characteristics such as educational attainment or age were less predictive. In all centres, coffee and tea contributed to less than 10% of the energy intake. The greatest contribution to total sugar intakes was observed in Southern European centres (up to ~20%). Conclusion: Coffee and tea intake and their contribution to energy and sugar intake differed greatly among European adults. Variation in consumption was mostly driven by geographical region. View Full-Text
Keywords: coffee; tea; European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition; 24-h dietary recall coffee; tea; European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition; 24-h dietary recall
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Landais, E.; Moskal, A.; Mullee, A.; Nicolas, G.; Gunter, M.J.; Huybrechts, I.; Overvad, K.; Roswall, N.; Affret, A.; Fagherazzi, G.; Mahamat-Saleh, Y.; Katzke, V.; Kühn, T.; La Vecchia, C.; Trichopoulou, A.; Valanou, E.; Saieva, C.; Santucci de Magistris, M.; Sieri, S.; Braaten, T.; Skeie, G.; Weiderpass, E.; Ardanaz, E.; Chirlaque, M.-D.; Garcia, J.R.; Jakszyn, P.; Rodríguez-Barranco, M.; Brunkwall, L.; Huseinovic, E.; Nilsson, L.; Wallström, P.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, B.; Peeters, P.H.; Aune, D.; Key, T.; Lentjes, M.; Riboli, E.; Slimani, N.; Freisling, H. Coffee and Tea Consumption and the Contribution of Their Added Ingredients to Total Energy and Nutrient Intakes in 10 European Countries: Benchmark Data from the Late 1990s. Nutrients 2018, 10, 725.

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