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Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 678; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060678

Possible Synergistic Effects of Glutathione and C-Reactive Protein in the Progression of Liver Cirrhosis

1
Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 40705, Taiwan
2
Graduate Program in Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
3
School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
4
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 40705, Taiwan
5
Department of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
6
Department of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2018 / Revised: 28 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 / Published: 27 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inflammation- An Ancient Battle. What are the Roles of Nutrients?)
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Abstract

Liver cirrhosis is often associated with increased inflammatory responses and changes of glutathione (GSH) status. The possible interactions between these two factors in mediating damages of liver function remain unclear. Here, we measured the inflammatory responses and GSH status in liver cirrhotic patients and compared them with healthy subjects. In addition, we assessed the relationship of the GSH status and levels of inflammatory markers with the severity of the disease. This was a cross-sectional study. In total, we recruited 63 liver cirrhotic patients with Child–Turcotte–Pugh class A scores, and 12 patients with class B–C scores, together with 110 healthy subjects. Patients with class B–C scores showed the highest level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) when compared with class A patients or healthy subjects. Patients in class A group had significantly higher GSH levels when compared with class B–C group or healthy subjects. After adjusting for potential confounders and each other, serum hs-CRP levels showed positive association with the Child–Turcotte–Pugh scores, while GSH levels showed negative association with Child–Turcotte–Pugh scores. Interactions were found between levels of plasma GSH and serum hs-CRP (β = 0.004, p = 0.016). CRP and GSH levels, which had showed interactions, were associated with the severity of liver cirrhosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: C-reactive protein; neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; glutathione; Child–Turcotte–Pugh score; liver cirrhosis C-reactive protein; neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; glutathione; Child–Turcotte–Pugh score; liver cirrhosis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lai, C.-Y.; Cheng, S.-B.; Lee, T.-Y.; Liu, H.-T.; Huang, S.-C.; Huang, Y.-C. Possible Synergistic Effects of Glutathione and C-Reactive Protein in the Progression of Liver Cirrhosis. Nutrients 2018, 10, 678.

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