Milk-Related Symptoms and Immunoglobulin E Reactivity in Swedish Children from Early Life to Adolescence
AbstractCow’s milk often causes symptoms in infants. Whereas, some continue to experience symptoms through childhood, others become tolerant. Yet, the ages at which persistence and tolerance occur are less clear. Thus, we examined the age of onset and persistence of milk-related symptoms from early life to adolescence, and Immunoglobulin E (IgE) milk reactivity, focusing on gender differences in a large, population-based birth cohort. Overall, 20.0% (537/2985) of children, with a comparable gender distribution, had early life milk-related symptoms. At 16y, approximately 2% (62/2985) children had persistent symptoms and high milk IgE levels (e.g., median at 4 years: 1.5 kUA/L) that were beginning in early life. In contrast, 94% had transient symptoms and low median IgE levels (early life: 0.63 kUA/L, 8y: 0.72 kUA/L; 16 years: 1.1 kUA/L). Also, at 16 years, approximately 6% of females and 3% of males without any previously reported symptoms reported adolescent-onset of symptoms (p < 0.001). Such symptoms were almost exclusively gastrointestinal symptoms and were not associated with detectable IgE. In conclusion, early life milk-related symptoms are common, although most cases are transient by 16 years. Twice as many females vs. males report adolescent-onset symptoms, and particularly gastrointestinal symptoms. Children with persistent symptoms have both a higher prevalence and higher milk IgE levels, as compared to other phenotypes. View Full-Text
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Protudjer, J.L.P.; Olén, O.; Vetander, M.; Kull, I.; Melén, E.; Van Hage, M.; Wickman, M.; Bergström, A. Milk-Related Symptoms and Immunoglobulin E Reactivity in Swedish Children from Early Life to Adolescence. Nutrients 2018, 10, 651.
Protudjer JLP, Olén O, Vetander M, Kull I, Melén E, Van Hage M, Wickman M, Bergström A. Milk-Related Symptoms and Immunoglobulin E Reactivity in Swedish Children from Early Life to Adolescence. Nutrients. 2018; 10(5):651.Chicago/Turabian Style
Protudjer, Jennifer L.P.; Olén, Ola; Vetander, Mirja; Kull, Inger; Melén, Erik; Van Hage, Marianne; Wickman, Magnus; Bergström, Anna. 2018. "Milk-Related Symptoms and Immunoglobulin E Reactivity in Swedish Children from Early Life to Adolescence." Nutrients 10, no. 5: 651.
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