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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Dietary Intake of Japanese Mushrooms on Visceral Fat Accumulation and Gut Microbiota in Mice

1
Mushroom Research Laboratory, Hokuto Corporation, Nagano 381-0008, Japan
2
Laboratory of Food and Biomolecular Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-0845, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(5), 610; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050610
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 7 May 2018 / Accepted: 11 May 2018 / Published: 14 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Appetite, Metabolism and Obesity)
A lot of Japanese people are generally known for having a healthy diet, and consume a variety of mushrooms daily. Many studies have reported anti-obesity effects of mushrooms, but few have investigated the effects of consuming a variety of edible mushroom types together in realistic quantities. In this study, we investigated whether supplementation with a variety of mushroom types affects visceral fat accumulation and gut microbiota in mice. The most popular mushroom varieties in Japan were lyophilized and mixed according to their local production ratios. C57BL/6J mice were fed a normal diet, high-fat (HF) diet, HF with 0.5% mushroom mixture (equivalent to 100 g mushrooms/day in humans) or HF with 3% mushroom mixture (equivalent to 600 g mushrooms/day in humans) for 4 weeks. The mice were then sacrificed, and blood samples, tissue samples and feces were collected. Our results show that mushroom intake suppressed visceral fat accumulation and increased the relative abundance of some short chain fatty acid- and lactic acid-producing gut bacteria. These findings suggest that mushroom intake is an effective strategy for obesity prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: Japanese mushroom; obesity; gut microbiota; dietary fiber; dietary habits Japanese mushroom; obesity; gut microbiota; dietary fiber; dietary habits
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Shimizu, T.; Mori, K.; Ouchi, K.; Kushida, M.; Tsuduki, T. Effects of Dietary Intake of Japanese Mushrooms on Visceral Fat Accumulation and Gut Microbiota in Mice. Nutrients 2018, 10, 610.

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