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Nutrients 2018, 10(5), 583; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050583

Daily Dietary Intake Patterns Improve after Visiting a Food Pantry among Food-Insecure Rural Midwestern Adults

1
Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
Department of Statistics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3
Health and Nutritional Sciences, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
4
Extension, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
5
Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
6
Extension, Michigan State University, Charlotte, MI 48813, USA
7
Extension, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
8
Extension, Ohio State University, Piketon, OH 45661, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 7 May 2018 / Published: 9 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Vulnerable Groups)
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Abstract

Emergency food pantries provide food at no cost to low-resource populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate single-day dietary intake patterns before and after visiting a food pantry among food-secure and food-insecure pantry clients. This observational cohort study comprised a paired, before-and-after design with a pantry visit as the intervention. Participants (n = 455) completed a demographic and food security assessment, and two 24-h dietary recalls. Adult food security was measured using the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module. Dietary intake patterns were assessed using Automated Self-Administered 24-h Recall data and classified by Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) scores, dietary variety, number of eating occasions, and energy intake. Paired t-tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests compared outcomes before and after a pantry visit. Mean dietary variety increased after the pantry visit among both food-secure (p = 0.02) and food-insecure (p < 0.0001) pantry clients. Mean energy intake (p = 0.0003), number of eating occasions (p = 0.004), and HEI-2010 component scores for total fruit (p < 0.001) and whole fruit (p < 0.0003) increased among food-insecure pantry clients only. A pantry visit may improve dietary intake patterns, especially among food-insecure pantry clients. View Full-Text
Keywords: emergency food assistance; food pantry; food insecurity; dietary patterns; dietary quality emergency food assistance; food pantry; food insecurity; dietary patterns; dietary quality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wright, B.N.; Bailey, R.L.; Craig, B.A.; Mattes, R.D.; McCormack, L.; Stluka, S.; Franzen-Castle, L.; Henne, B.; Mehrle, D.; Remley, D.; Eicher-Miller, H.A. Daily Dietary Intake Patterns Improve after Visiting a Food Pantry among Food-Insecure Rural Midwestern Adults. Nutrients 2018, 10, 583.

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