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Design and Reproducibility of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate the Quality of Food Intake (Mini-ECCA) in a Mexican Population

1
Bachelor of Nutrition, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG), Sierra Mojada 950, Building “N”, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara ZC 44340, Mexico
2
Doctorate in Traslational Nutritional Sciences, CUCS, UdeG, Juan Díaz Covarrubias and Salvador Quevedo y Zubieta, Building “C”, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara ZC 44340, Mexico
3
Doctorate in Public Health Sciences, CUCS, UdeG, Sierra Mojada 950, Building “N”, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara ZC 44340, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(4), 524; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040524
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
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Abstract

Evaluating food intake quality may contribute to the development of nutrition programs. In Mexico, there are no screening tools that can be administered quickly for the evaluation of this variable. The aim was to determine the reproducibility of a mini-survey designed to evaluate the quality of food intake (Mini-ECCA) in a Mexican population. Mini-ECCA consists of 12 questions that are based on Mexican and international recommendations for food and non-alcoholic beverage intake, with the support of photographs for food quantity estimation. Each question scores as 0 (unhealthy) or 1 (healthy), and the final score undergoes a classification procedure. Through the framework of a nutritional study, 152 employees of the municipal water company in Guadalajara, Mexico (April–August 2016), were invited to participate. The survey was administered in two rounds (test and retest) with a 15-day interval between them. We calculated the Spearman correlation coefficient, the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), and weighted kappa for score classification agreement (SPSS versus 14 p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant). The survey obtained a “good” reproducibility (ρ = 0.713, p < 0.001), and an excellent concordance (ICC = 0.841 Confidence Interval 95% 0.779, 0.885). It can thus be said that the Mini-ECCA displayed acceptable reproducibility and is suitable for the purpose of dietary assessment and guidance. View Full-Text
Keywords: reproducibility; quality of food intake; food survey reproducibility; quality of food intake; food survey
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Bernal-Orozco, M.F.; Badillo-Camacho, N.; Macedo-Ojeda, G.; González-Gómez, M.; Orozco-Gutiérrez, J.F.; Prado-Arriaga, R.J.; Márquez-Sandoval, F.; Altamirano-Martínez, M.B.; Vizmanos, B. Design and Reproducibility of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate the Quality of Food Intake (Mini-ECCA) in a Mexican Population. Nutrients 2018, 10, 524.

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