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Dietary Magnesium Intake and Hyperuricemia among US Adults

by Yiying Zhang 1,2 and Hongbin Qiu 1,2,*
1
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
2
School of Public Health, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi 154007, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 296; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030296
Received: 23 January 2018 / Revised: 24 February 2018 / Accepted: 27 February 2018 / Published: 2 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnesium Intake and Human Health)
To assess the association between dietary magnesium intake and hyperuricemia in United States (US) adults, we extracted 26,796 US adults aged 20–85 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2001–2014. All dietary intake was measured through 24 h dietary recall method. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between magnesium intake and hyperuricemia after adjusting for several important confounding variables. When compared to the lowest quintile (Q1), for male, adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of hyperuricemia in the second quintile (Q2) to the fifth quintile (Q5) of the magnesium intake were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.72–0.95), 0.74 (0.64–0.85), 0.78 (0.67–0.90), and 0.70 (0.58–0.84, p for trend = 0.0003), respectively. For female, OR was 0.75 (0.62–0.90) in the fourth quintile (Q4) (p for trend = 0.0242). As compared to Q4 of magnesium intake (contains recommended amount), the relative odds of hyperuricemia were increased by 1.29 times in Q1 (OR = 1.29, 1.11–1.50) in male. The ORs were 1.33 (1.11–1.61) in Q1, 1.27 (1.07–1.50) in Q2 in female. Our results indicated that increased magnesium intake was associated with decreased hyperuricemia risk. It also indicated the importance of recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of magnesium and the potential function of magnesium intake in the prevention of hyperuricemia. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperuricemia; magnesium; NHANES; cross-sectional study hyperuricemia; magnesium; NHANES; cross-sectional study
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Qiu, H. Dietary Magnesium Intake and Hyperuricemia among US Adults. Nutrients 2018, 10, 296.

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