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Use of Table Sugar and Artificial Sweeteners in Brazil: National Dietary Survey 2008–2009

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Curso de Nutrição, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Campus Macaé, Av. Aluizio da Silva Gomes, 50-Novo Cavaleiros, CEP 27930-560 Macaé, RJ, Brazil
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Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 7º andar, CEP 20550-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Avenida Fernando Corrêa da Costa, 2367, Bairro Boa Esperança, CEP 78060-900 Cuiabá, MT, Brazil
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Departamento de Epidemiologia e Bioestatística, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Marques de Paraná, 303, 3º andar, Centro, CEP 24030-210 Niterói, RJ, Brazil
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Departamento de Nutrição Social e Aplicada, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Edifício do Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Bloco J, 2º andar, Cidade Universitária, CEP 21941-590 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 295; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030295
Received: 28 December 2017 / Revised: 17 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 1 March 2018
The study aimed to describe the use of table sugar and artificial sweeteners (AS) in Brazil. A representative sample (n = 32,749) of individuals aged > 10 years was examined from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey (2008–2009). Participants reported whether they use table sugar, AS, both, or none as sweeteners for their foods and beverages. Energy intake and the contribution of selected food groups to energy intake were evaluated according to the type of sweetener reported. Sample weights and design effects were considered in the analysis. The majority of the population (85.7%) used sugar to sweeten foods and beverages, 7.6% used AS, and 5.1% utilized both products. The use of AS was more frequent among the elderly (20%), women (10% versus 5.5%), overweight individuals (10% versus 6%), those who live in urban areas (8.5% versus 3%), and those who belong to the highest income quartile (14% versus 1.6%), compared with men, normal weight individuals, those who live in rural areas, and those who belong to the first income quartile, respectively. Overall, the mean daily energy intake of individuals using only sugar was approximately 16% higher than those who used AS exclusively. The contribution of staple foods to daily energy intake was higher in individuals who used sugar than those who used AS. View Full-Text
Keywords: Keywords: sugar; artificial sweeteners; survey; food consumption; energy intake Keywords: sugar; artificial sweeteners; survey; food consumption; energy intake
MDPI and ACS Style

Silva Monteiro, L.; Kulik Hassan, B.; Melo Rodrigues, P.R.; Massae Yokoo, E.; Sichieri, R.; Alves Pereira, R. Use of Table Sugar and Artificial Sweeteners in Brazil: National Dietary Survey 2008–2009. Nutrients 2018, 10, 295.

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