Bee Collected Pollen with Enhanced Health Benefits, Produced by Fermentation with a Kombucha Consortium
AbstractThe bioavailability of pollen bioactive compounds for humans is limited. In this study, our aim was to enhance the health-related benefits of pollen by fermentation with a Kombucha/SCOBY (symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeasts) consortium. We performed the fermentation of pollen suspended from the beginning with SCOBY on sweetened green tea or on Kombucha vinegar, by adding pollen after 20 days of Kombucha fermentation. We analyzed: formation of bioactive compounds (anti-oxidant polyphenols, soluble silicon, hydroxy-acids, short chain fatty acids—SCFA); parameters related to Kombucha fermentation (dynamics of lactic acid bacteria—LAB, formation of organic acids, soluble sugar evolution on Kombucha vinegar); the influence of Kombucha fermentation on pollen morphology and ultrastructure; in vitro cytotoxic and antitumoral effects of the Kombucha fermented pollen. The pollen addition increases LAB proportion in the total number of SCOBY microbial strains. SEM images highlight the adhesion of the SCOBY bacteria to pollen. Ultrastructural analysis reveals the release of the pollen content. The content of bioactive compounds (polyphenols, soluble silicon species and SCFA) is higher in the fermented pollen and the product shows a moderate antitumoral effect on Caco-2 cells. The health benefits of pollen are enhanced by fermentation with a Kombucha consortium. View Full-Text
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Uțoiu, E.; Matei, F.; Toma, A.; Diguță, C.F.; Ștefan, L.M.; Mănoiu, S.; Vrăjmașu, V.V.; Moraru, I.; Oancea, A.; Israel-Roming, F.; Cornea, C.P.; Constantinescu-Aruxandei, D.; Moraru, A.; Oancea, F. Bee Collected Pollen with Enhanced Health Benefits, Produced by Fermentation with a Kombucha Consortium. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1365.
Uțoiu E, Matei F, Toma A, Diguță CF, Ștefan LM, Mănoiu S, Vrăjmașu VV, Moraru I, Oancea A, Israel-Roming F, Cornea CP, Constantinescu-Aruxandei D, Moraru A, Oancea F. Bee Collected Pollen with Enhanced Health Benefits, Produced by Fermentation with a Kombucha Consortium. Nutrients. 2018; 10(10):1365.Chicago/Turabian Style
Uțoiu, Elena; Matei, Florentina; Toma, Agnes; Diguță, Camelia F.; Ștefan, Laura M.; Mănoiu, Sorin; Vrăjmașu, Virgil V.; Moraru, Ionuț; Oancea, Anca; Israel-Roming, Florentina; Cornea, Călina P.; Constantinescu-Aruxandei, Diana; Moraru, Angela; Oancea, Florin. 2018. "Bee Collected Pollen with Enhanced Health Benefits, Produced by Fermentation with a Kombucha Consortium." Nutrients 10, no. 10: 1365.
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