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Open AccessArticle

The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) on Landsat 8: Design Overview and Pre-Launch Characterization

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NASA/GSFC, Code 693, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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NASA/GSFC, Code 490, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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NASA/GSFC, Code 590, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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NASA/GSFC, Code 610, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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Kimberly Research and Extension Center, Kimberly, ID 83341, USA
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USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
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NASA/GSFC, Code 550, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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NASA/GSFC/CUA, Code 693, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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NASA/GSFC, Code 614, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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Millenium Engineering and Integration Company, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Brian Markham and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2015, 7(1), 1135-1153; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs70101135
Received: 21 August 2014 / Accepted: 15 December 2014 / Published: 19 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landsat-8 Sensor Characterization and Calibration)
The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) on Landsat 8 is the latest thermal sensor in that series of missions. Unlike the previous single-channel sensors, TIRS uses two channels to cover the 10–12.5 micron band. It is also a pushbroom imager; a departure from the previous whiskbroom approach. Nevertheless, the instrument requirements are defined such that data continuity is maintained. This paper describes the design of the TIRS instrument, the results of pre-launch calibration measurements and shows an example of initial on-orbit science performance compared to Landsat 7. View Full-Text
Keywords: Landsat; LDCM; TIRS; thermal sensors; evapotranspiration; QWIP Landsat; LDCM; TIRS; thermal sensors; evapotranspiration; QWIP
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Reuter, D.C.; Richardson, C.M.; Pellerano, F.A.; Irons, J.R.; Allen, R.G.; Anderson, M.; Jhabvala, M.D.; Lunsford, A.W.; Montanaro, M.; Smith, R.L.; Tesfaye, Z.; Thome, K.J. The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) on Landsat 8: Design Overview and Pre-Launch Characterization. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 1135-1153.

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