Next Article in Journal
Sensing the Nighttime Economy–Housing Imbalance from a Mobile Phone Data Perspective: A Case Study in Shanghai
Next Article in Special Issue
Quantifying the Artificial Reduction of Glacial Ice Melt in a Mountain Glacier (Urumqi Glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China)
Previous Article in Journal
Remote Sensing Analysis of Ecological Maintenance in Subtropical Coastal Mountain Area, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Reconstruction and Characterisation of Past and the Most Recent Slope Failure Events at the 2021 Rock-Ice Avalanche Site in Chamoli, Indian Himalaya
 
 
Review

The Remotely and Directly Obtained Results of Glaciological Studies on King George Island: A Review

Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anshuman Bhardwaj and Lydia Sam
Remote Sens. 2022, 14(12), 2736; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14122736
Received: 19 April 2022 / Revised: 23 May 2022 / Accepted: 2 June 2022 / Published: 7 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Remote Sensing in Glaciology)
Climate warming has become indisputable, and it is now crucial to increase our understanding of both the mechanisms and consequences of climate change. The Antarctic region is subjected to substantial changes, the trends of which have been recognized for several decades. In the South Shetland Islands, the most visible effect of climate change is progressive deglaciation. The following review focuses on past glaciological studies conducted on King George Island (KGI). The results of collected cryosphere element observations are discussed herein in a comprehensive manner. Our analysis showed that there is a lack of temporal as well as spatial continuity for studies on the basic mass balance parameters on the entire KGI ice dome and only Bellingshausen Dome has a relatively long history of data collection. The methodologies of past work, which have improved over time, are also discussed. When studying the glacier front fluctuations, the authors most frequently use a 1956 aerial photography as reference ice coverage. This was the case for seven papers, while other sources are seldomly mentioned. In other papers as many as 41 other sources were used, and therefore comparison to photos taken up to 60 years later can give misleading trends, as small glaciers may have both advanced and retreated in that time. In the case of glacial velocities there is also an apparent lack of consistency, as different glaciers were indicated as the fastest on KGI. Only Lange, Anna, Crystal, Eldred, and eastern part of Usher glaciers were determined by more than one author as the fastest. Additionally, there are gaps in the KGI Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey area, which includes three ice domes: the Warszawa Icefield, the Krakow Icefield, and eastern part of King George Island. Ideas for further work on the topic are also suggested, allowing for easier access to data and thus contributing to a better understanding of glacier development mechanisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: glacier; icefield; snow; cryosphere; mass balance; modelling; South Shetland Islands; King George Island; field measurements; ground-penetrating radar glacier; icefield; snow; cryosphere; mass balance; modelling; South Shetland Islands; King George Island; field measurements; ground-penetrating radar
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Dziembowski, M.; Bialik, R.J. The Remotely and Directly Obtained Results of Glaciological Studies on King George Island: A Review. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 2736. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14122736

AMA Style

Dziembowski M, Bialik RJ. The Remotely and Directly Obtained Results of Glaciological Studies on King George Island: A Review. Remote Sensing. 2022; 14(12):2736. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14122736

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dziembowski, Michał, and Robert Józef Bialik. 2022. "The Remotely and Directly Obtained Results of Glaciological Studies on King George Island: A Review" Remote Sensing 14, no. 12: 2736. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14122736

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop