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Letter

A Tunable and Electrically Small Antenna for Compact GNSS Receivers

1
Institute of Radioelectronics and Multimedia Technology, Warsaw University of Technology, Nowowiejska 15/19, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Applied Physics and Nanomaterials Science, Lviv Polytechnic National University, 79013 Lviv, Ukraine
3
Scientific Research Company “Electron-Carat” Branch Enterprise of PJSC Concern—Electron (CARAT), 79031 Lviv, Ukraine
4
School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ali Khenchafand Konrad Jedrzejewski
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(3), 485; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13030485
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 27 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers of Microwave and Radar Week (MRW 2020))
The electronic receivers of global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) are implemented in various handheld electronic devices such as laptops, smartphones, and smartwatches; therefore, their dimensions are of critical importance. Achieving a GNSS terminal of a small size is difficult due to its relatively low operational frequency (L-band), which is equivalent to a wavelength of approximately 24 cm. As an efficient half-wavelength antenna is too large for compact devices, in this paper, an electrically small antenna (ESA) for GNSS terminals is presented. The antenna was miniaturized by using a dielectric block with relatively high permittivity, making some parts virtual, and optimizing its geometry. The operational frequency of the ESA is tunable by means of metallic rods of variable heights inserted into a cylindrical cavity drilled inside the dielectric block. The results confirm the feasibility of the concept and the usability of the ESA for compact GNSS terminals. View Full-Text
Keywords: antenna; electrically small antenna; global navigation satellite systems; GNSS; tunable antenna antenna; electrically small antenna; global navigation satellite systems; GNSS; tunable antenna
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yashchyshyn, Y.; Vynnyk, D.; Haiduchok, V.; Solskii, I.; Wu, C.; Bogdan, G.; Modelski, J. A Tunable and Electrically Small Antenna for Compact GNSS Receivers. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 485. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13030485

AMA Style

Yashchyshyn Y, Vynnyk D, Haiduchok V, Solskii I, Wu C, Bogdan G, Modelski J. A Tunable and Electrically Small Antenna for Compact GNSS Receivers. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(3):485. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13030485

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yashchyshyn, Yevhen, Dmytro Vynnyk, Volodymyr Haiduchok, Ivan Solskii, Changying Wu, Grzegorz Bogdan, and Józef Modelski. 2021. "A Tunable and Electrically Small Antenna for Compact GNSS Receivers" Remote Sensing 13, no. 3: 485. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13030485

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