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Article

A Multi-Analytical Study for the Enhancement and Accessibility of Archaeological Heritage: The Churches of San Nicola and San Basilio in Motta Sant’Agata (RC, Italy)

1
National Research Council, Institute for Chemical and Physical Processes (IPCF–CNR), Viale F. Stagno d’Alcontres 37, 98158 Messina, Italy
2
Comune di Reggio Calabria—Macroarea Cultura e Turismo, Palazzo Cedir, Via S. Anna II Tronco, 89128 Reggio Calabria, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sander Oude Elberink, Kourosh Khoshelham and Cheng Wang
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(18), 3738; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183738
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 9 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Scanning and Point Cloud Processing in Urban Environments)
In the coming years, Italy will need to take on a great challenge concerning the digitization of its archaeological and architectural heritage, one of the richest and most problematic in the world. The aim is to improve the knowledge, conservation, enhancement and accessibility of cultural assets and to make them a resource for national and local development. In this process, the next generation of 3D survey methods (laser scanning and photogrammetry), in combination with diagnostic techniques (spectroscopy analyses) and GIS/BIM (Geographic Information System/Building Information Modeling) solutions, represent a valid support. This work, part of a broader intervention launched by the Municipality of Reggio Calabria for the requalification of some archaeological sites located within its urban and metropolitan area, is focused on the study case of Motta S. Agata. The ancient settlement is located 8 km from Reggio C. in a hilly area difficult to reach and preserves numerous structures in a state of ruin. Among these, two interesting medieval churches are proposed for examination: the church of San Nicola, characterized by five hypogeal funeral crypts, and the chapel of San Basilio, which preserves the traces of a wall painting. A multi-methodological approach including close-range photogrammetry, laser scanning and chemical and thermal analyses was adopted in order to fulfill different tasks: creating a topographic model of the hillfort, mapping the archaeological evidence, digitizing and returning 3D models of the churches, characterizing materials through chemical analyses and monitoring the surfaces with thermal imaging. These combined applications have contributed to reaching the planned goals, i.e., study, conservation, diagnostics, preparation for restoration interventions, development of digital media and dissemination. In this way, a type of interactive museum (made up of virtual tours and informative digital models) has been made available in order to improve the site’s accessibility and inclusivity as well as to test the effect of digitization in attracting tourists and local people toward a place located outside of the usual tourist circuits. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D survey; terrestrial laser scanning; archaeological and heritage preservation; Raman analyses; thermal analyses; unmanned aerial vehicle photogrammetry; digital documentation; cultural heritage site; digitization and dissemination 3D survey; terrestrial laser scanning; archaeological and heritage preservation; Raman analyses; thermal analyses; unmanned aerial vehicle photogrammetry; digital documentation; cultural heritage site; digitization and dissemination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giuffrida, D.; Mollica Nardo, V.; Neri, D.; Cucinotta, G.; Calabrò, I.V.; Pace, L.; Ponterio, R.C. A Multi-Analytical Study for the Enhancement and Accessibility of Archaeological Heritage: The Churches of San Nicola and San Basilio in Motta Sant’Agata (RC, Italy). Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 3738. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183738

AMA Style

Giuffrida D, Mollica Nardo V, Neri D, Cucinotta G, Calabrò IV, Pace L, Ponterio RC. A Multi-Analytical Study for the Enhancement and Accessibility of Archaeological Heritage: The Churches of San Nicola and San Basilio in Motta Sant’Agata (RC, Italy). Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(18):3738. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183738

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giuffrida, Dario, Viviana Mollica Nardo, Daniela Neri, Giovanni Cucinotta, Irene V. Calabrò, Loredana Pace, and Rosina C. Ponterio. 2021. "A Multi-Analytical Study for the Enhancement and Accessibility of Archaeological Heritage: The Churches of San Nicola and San Basilio in Motta Sant’Agata (RC, Italy)" Remote Sensing 13, no. 18: 3738. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13183738

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