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Review

Using Ground Penetrating Radar and Resistivity Methods to Locate Unmarked Graves: A Review

1
Criminology Department, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
2
Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pier Matteo Barone, Raffaele Persico and Salvatore Piro
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(15), 2880; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13152880
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 20 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 23 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Ground Penetrating Radar Theory and Applications)
The location of unmarked graves in forensic and archaeological investigations is legally and culturally important. In a forensic context, locating covert burials of missing persons can provide closure to the family, as well as facilitating the successful prosecution of the individual(s) responsible. Archaeologically, burials provide an important source of information about health, diet, physical anthropology, and culture. Despite the importance of these features, the location of unmarked graves with conventional archaeological and forensic techniques, such as excavation, is difficult and expensive. As a result, geophysical techniques have been widely applied to the location of unmarked graves as they are non-invasive, cost and time effective, and avoid the unnecessary disturbance of human remains. This article brings together the literature on ground penetrating radar (GPR), and two resistivity methods, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and fixed probe resistivity (FPR), on their ability to locate burials and reviews their use in forensic and archaeological investigations. This paper aims to provide law enforcement personnel, archaeologists, geophysicists, and interested academics with an overview of how these techniques work, how they have been previously applied to grave detection, and the strengths and weakness of these methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: geophysics; ground penetrating radar; electrical resistivity tomography; fixed probe resistivity; forensic science; archaeology; GPR; ERT; unmarked grave; clandestine grave; geophysical survey geophysics; ground penetrating radar; electrical resistivity tomography; fixed probe resistivity; forensic science; archaeology; GPR; ERT; unmarked grave; clandestine grave; geophysical survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berezowski, V.; Mallett, X.; Ellis, J.; Moffat, I. Using Ground Penetrating Radar and Resistivity Methods to Locate Unmarked Graves: A Review. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 2880. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13152880

AMA Style

Berezowski V, Mallett X, Ellis J, Moffat I. Using Ground Penetrating Radar and Resistivity Methods to Locate Unmarked Graves: A Review. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(15):2880. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13152880

Chicago/Turabian Style

Berezowski, Victoria, Xanthé Mallett, Justin Ellis, and Ian Moffat. 2021. "Using Ground Penetrating Radar and Resistivity Methods to Locate Unmarked Graves: A Review" Remote Sensing 13, no. 15: 2880. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13152880

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