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Project Report

Monitoring Greenhouse Gases from Space

School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
National Centre for Earth Observation NCEO, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Key Laboratory of the Middle Atmosphere and Global Environmental Observation (LAGEO), & Carbon Neutrality Research Center (CNRC), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
Finnish Meteorological Institute, 00560 Helsinki, Finland
Finnish Meteorological Institute, 99600 Sodankylä, Finland
School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FF, UK
National Centre for Earth Observation NCEO, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH3 9FF, UK
Center for Isotope Research, University of Groningen, 9747 Groningen, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuel Antón
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(14), 2700;
Received: 28 May 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 2 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue ESA - NRSCC Cooperation Dragon 4 Final Results)
The increase in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations of CO2 and CH4, due to human activities, is the main driver of the observed increase in surface temperature by more than 1 °C since the pre-industrial era. At the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference held in Paris, most nations agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit the increase in global surface temperature to 1.5 °C. Satellite remote sensing of CO2 and CH4 is now well established thanks to missions such as NASA’s OCO-2 and the Japanese GOSAT missions, which have allowed us to build a long-term record of atmospheric GHG concentrations from space. They also give us a first glimpse into CO2 and CH4 enhancements related to anthropogenic emission, which helps to pave the way towards the future missions aimed at a Monitoring & Verification Support (MVS) capacity for the global stock take of the Paris agreement. China plays an important role for the global carbon budget as the largest source of anthropogenic carbon emissions but also as a region of increased carbon sequestration as a result of several reforestation projects. Over the last 10 years, a series of projects on mitigation of carbon emission has been started in China, including the development of the first Chinese greenhouse gas monitoring satellite mission, TanSat, which was successfully launched on 22 December 2016. Here, we summarise the results of a collaborative project between European and Chinese teams under the framework of the Dragon-4 programme of ESA and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) to characterize and evaluate the datasets from the TanSat mission by retrieval intercomparisons and ground-based validation and to apply model comparisons and surface flux inversion methods to TanSat and other CO2 missions, with a focus on China. View Full-Text
Keywords: greenhouse gases; satellite remote sensing; validation; atmospheric transport modelling greenhouse gases; satellite remote sensing; validation; atmospheric transport modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boesch, H.; Liu, Y.; Tamminen, J.; Yang, D.; Palmer, P.I.; Lindqvist, H.; Cai, Z.; Che, K.; Di Noia, A.; Feng, L.; Hakkarainen, J.; Ialongo, I.; Kalaitzi, N.; Karppinen, T.; Kivi, R.; Kivimäki, E.; Parker, R.J.; Preval, S.; Wang, J.; Webb, A.J.; Yao, L.; Chen, H. Monitoring Greenhouse Gases from Space. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 2700.

AMA Style

Boesch H, Liu Y, Tamminen J, Yang D, Palmer PI, Lindqvist H, Cai Z, Che K, Di Noia A, Feng L, Hakkarainen J, Ialongo I, Kalaitzi N, Karppinen T, Kivi R, Kivimäki E, Parker RJ, Preval S, Wang J, Webb AJ, Yao L, Chen H. Monitoring Greenhouse Gases from Space. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(14):2700.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boesch, Hartmut, Yi Liu, Johanna Tamminen, Dongxu Yang, Paul I. Palmer, Hannakaisa Lindqvist, Zhaonan Cai, Ke Che, Antonio Di Noia, Liang Feng, Janne Hakkarainen, Iolanda Ialongo, Nikoleta Kalaitzi, Tomi Karppinen, Rigel Kivi, Ella Kivimäki, Robert J. Parker, Simon Preval, Jing Wang, Alex J. Webb, Lu Yao, and Huilin Chen. 2021. "Monitoring Greenhouse Gases from Space" Remote Sensing 13, no. 14: 2700.

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