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Open AccessArticle

Monitoring Effect of Spatial Growth on Land Surface Temperature in Dhaka

Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan
Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan
State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188, Japan
Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110007, India
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
Natural Resources and Ecosystem Services, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Hayama 240-0115, Japan
Advanced Systems Analysis Group, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Faculty of International Liberal Arts Global Studies Program, Akita International University, Yuwa City, Akita 010-1292, Japan
CMCC Foundation – Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change and Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, 30175 Venice, Italy
Faculty of Sustainability Studies, Hosei University, 2-17-2 Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8160, Japan
Key Laboratory of the Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems (Xiamen University), Ministry of Education, College of the Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(7), 1191;
Received: 7 March 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 8 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of the Urban Climate)
Spatial urban growth and its impact on land surface temperature (LST) is a high priority environmental issue for urban policy. Although the impact of horizontal spatial growth of cities on LST is well studied, the impact of the vertical spatial distribution of buildings on LST is under-investigated. This is particularly true for cities in sub-tropical developing countries. In this study, TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement (TanDEM-XDEM), Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection (ASTER)-Global Digital Elevation Model (GDEM), and ALOS World 3D-30m (AW3D30) based Digital Surface Model (DSM) data were used to investigate the vertical growth of the Dhaka Metropolitan Area (DMA) in Bangladesh. Thermal Infrared (TIR) data (10.6-11.2µm) of Landsat-8 were used to investigate the seasonal variations in LST. Thereafter, the impact of horizontal and vertical spatial growth on LST was studied. The result showed that: (a) TanDEM-X DSM derived building height had a higher accuracy as compared to other existing DSM that reveals mean building height of the Dhaka city is approximately 10 m, (b) built-up areas were estimated to cover approximately 94%, 88%, and 44% in Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC), Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC), and Fringe areas, respectively, of DMA using a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification method, (c) the built-up showed a strong relationship with LST (Kendall tau coefficient of 0.625 in summer and 0.483 in winter) in comparison to vertical growth (Kendall tau coefficient of 0.156 in the summer and 0.059 in the winter), and (d) the ‘low height-high density’ areas showed high LST in both seasons. This study suggests that vertical development is better than horizontal development for providing enough open spaces, green spaces, and preserving natural features. This study provides city planners with a better understating of sustainable urban planning and can promote the formulation of action plans for appropriate urban development policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial growth; LST; TanDEM-X -DSM; building height; urban planning spatial growth; LST; TanDEM-X -DSM; building height; urban planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahman, M.M.; Avtar, R.; Yunus, A.P.; Dou, J.; Misra, P.; Takeuchi, W.; Sahu, N.; Kumar, P.; Johnson, B.A.; Dasgupta, R.; Kharrazi, A.; Chakraborty, S.; Agustiono Kurniawan, T. Monitoring Effect of Spatial Growth on Land Surface Temperature in Dhaka. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1191.

AMA Style

Rahman MM, Avtar R, Yunus AP, Dou J, Misra P, Takeuchi W, Sahu N, Kumar P, Johnson BA, Dasgupta R, Kharrazi A, Chakraborty S, Agustiono Kurniawan T. Monitoring Effect of Spatial Growth on Land Surface Temperature in Dhaka. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(7):1191.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rahman, Md. M.; Avtar, Ram; Yunus, Ali P.; Dou, Jie; Misra, Prakhar; Takeuchi, Wataru; Sahu, Netrananda; Kumar, Pankaj; Johnson, Brian A.; Dasgupta, Rajarshi; Kharrazi, Ali; Chakraborty, Shamik; Agustiono Kurniawan, Tonni. 2020. "Monitoring Effect of Spatial Growth on Land Surface Temperature in Dhaka" Remote Sens. 12, no. 7: 1191.

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