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Article

A Building Information Modeling Approach to Integrate Geomatic Data for the Documentation and Preservation of Cultural Heritage

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CINTECX, GeoTECH Group, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
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Defense University Center, Spanish Naval Academy, 36900 Marín, Spain
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ESTG, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Nova IMS University, 2411-901 Leiria, Portugal
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INESC-Coimbra, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 3030-290 Coimbra, Portugal
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Department of Mathematics, University of Coimbra, 3001-501 Coimbra, Portugal
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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Coimbra, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal
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CDRSP, ESTG, Polytechnic of Leiria, 2411-901 Leiria, Portugal
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RISCO, Civil Engineering Department, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(24), 4028; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244028
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 6 December 2020 / Accepted: 7 December 2020 / Published: 9 December 2020
Non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques play an important role in the characterization and diagnosis of historic buildings, keeping in mind their conservation and possible rehabilitation. This paper presents a new approach that merges building information modeling (BIM) with environment geospatial data obtained by several non-destructive techniques, namely terrestrial laser scanning, ground-penetrating radar, infrared thermography, and the automatic classification of pathologies based on RGB (red, green, blue) imaging acquired with an unmanned aircraft system (UAS). This approach was applied to the inspection of the Monastery of Batalha in Leiria, Portugal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. To assess the capabilities of each technique, different parts of the monastery were examined, namely (i) part of its west façade, including a few protruding buttresses, and (ii) the masonry vaults of the Church (nave, right-hand aisle, and transept) and the Founder’s Chapel. After describing the employed techniques, a discussion of the optimization, treatment and integration of the acquired data through the BIM approach is presented. This work intends to contribute to the application of BIM in the field of cultural heritage, aiming at its future use in different activities such as facility management, support in the restoration and rehabilitation process, and research. View Full-Text
Keywords: nondestructive evaluation; material characterization; cultural heritage; aerial surveying; image classification; laser scanning; IRT; GPR; integration; BIM nondestructive evaluation; material characterization; cultural heritage; aerial surveying; image classification; laser scanning; IRT; GPR; integration; BIM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Solla, M.; Gonçalves, L.M.S.; Gonçalves, G.; Francisco, C.; Puente, I.; Providência, P.; Gaspar, F.; Rodrigues, H. A Building Information Modeling Approach to Integrate Geomatic Data for the Documentation and Preservation of Cultural Heritage. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 4028. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244028

AMA Style

Solla M, Gonçalves LMS, Gonçalves G, Francisco C, Puente I, Providência P, Gaspar F, Rodrigues H. A Building Information Modeling Approach to Integrate Geomatic Data for the Documentation and Preservation of Cultural Heritage. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(24):4028. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Solla, Mercedes, Luisa M.S. Gonçalves, Gil Gonçalves, Carina Francisco, Iván Puente, Paulo Providência, Florindo Gaspar, and Hugo Rodrigues. 2020. "A Building Information Modeling Approach to Integrate Geomatic Data for the Documentation and Preservation of Cultural Heritage" Remote Sensing 12, no. 24: 4028. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12244028

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