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Article

Gridded Satellite Sounding Retrievals in Operational Weather Forecasting: Product Description and Emerging Applications

1
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center/Short-Term Prediction Research and Transition Center, Huntsville, AL 35805, USA
2
Science and Technology Corporation/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Joint Polar Satellite System Proving Ground and Risk Reduction Program, Columbia, MD 21046, USA
3
National Weather Service/Cooperative Institute for Research of the Atmosphere/Meteorological Development Lab, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
4
National Weather Service/Short-Term Prediction Research and Transition Center, Huntsville, AL 35805, USA
5
United States Naval Research Laboratory, Marine Meteorology Division, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
6
Atmospheric Science Department, Earth System Science Center/Short-Term Prediction Research and Transition Center, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35805, USA
7
Jacobs Space Exploration Group/Engineering Services and Science Capability Augmentation/Short-Term Prediction Research and Transition Center, Huntsville, AL 35805, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(20), 3311; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203311
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Short-term Prediction Research and Transition Center (SPoRT) has been part of a collaborative effort within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) Proving Ground and Risk Reduction (PGRR) Program to develop gridded satellite sounding retrievals for the operational weather forecasting community. The NOAA Unique Combined Atmospheric Processing System (NUCAPS) retrieves vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor, trace gases, and cloud properties derived from infrared and microwave sounder measurements. A new, optimized method for deriving NUCAPS level 2 horizontally and vertically gridded products is described here. This work represents the development of approaches to better synthesize remote sensing observations that ultimately increase the availability and usability of NUCAPS observations. This approach, known as “Gridded NUCAPS”, was developed to more effectively visualize NUCAPS observations to aid in the quick identification of thermodynamic spatial gradients. Gridded NUCAPS development was based on operations-to-research feedback and is now part of the operational National Weather Service display system. In this paper, we discuss how Gridded NUCAPS was designed, how relevant atmospheric fields are derived, its operational application in pre-convective weather forecasting, and several emerging applications that expand the utility of NUCAPS for monitoring phenomena such as fire weather, the Saharan Air Layer, and stratospheric air intrusions. View Full-Text
Keywords: NUCAPS; satellite soundings; weather forecasting; operational applications; retrievals; infrared; CrIS; severe weather; fire weather; tropical weather; stratospheric intrusions NUCAPS; satellite soundings; weather forecasting; operational applications; retrievals; infrared; CrIS; severe weather; fire weather; tropical weather; stratospheric intrusions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berndt, E.; Smith, N.; Burks, J.; White, K.; Esmaili, R.; Kuciauskas, A.; Duran, E.; Allen, R.; LaFontaine, F.; Szkodzinski, J. Gridded Satellite Sounding Retrievals in Operational Weather Forecasting: Product Description and Emerging Applications. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203311

AMA Style

Berndt E, Smith N, Burks J, White K, Esmaili R, Kuciauskas A, Duran E, Allen R, LaFontaine F, Szkodzinski J. Gridded Satellite Sounding Retrievals in Operational Weather Forecasting: Product Description and Emerging Applications. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(20):3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203311

Chicago/Turabian Style

Berndt, Emily, Nadia Smith, Jason Burks, Kris White, Rebekah Esmaili, Arunas Kuciauskas, Erika Duran, Roger Allen, Frank LaFontaine, and Jeff Szkodzinski. 2020. "Gridded Satellite Sounding Retrievals in Operational Weather Forecasting: Product Description and Emerging Applications" Remote Sensing 12, no. 20: 3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203311

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