Modeling the Amplitude Distribution of Radar Sea Clutter
AbstractShip detection in the maritime domain is best performed with radar due to its ability to surveil wide areas and operate in almost any weather condition or time of day. Many common detection schemes require an accurate model of the amplitude distribution of radar echoes backscattered by the ocean surface. This paper presents a review of select amplitude distributions from the literature and their ability to represent data from several different radar systems operating from 1 GHz to 10 GHz. These include the K distribution, arguably the most popular model from the literature as well as the Pareto, K+Rayleigh, and the trimodal discrete (3MD) distributions. The models are evaluated with radar data collected from a ground-based bistatic radar system and two experimental airborne radars. These data sets cover a wide range of frequencies (L-, S-, and X-band), and different collection geometries and sea conditions. To guide the selection of the most appropriate model, two goodness of fit metrics are used, the Bhattacharyya distance which measures the overall distribution error and the threshold error which quantifies mismatch in the distribution tail. Together, they allow a quantitative evaluation of each distribution to accurately model radar sea clutter for the purpose of radar ship detection. View Full-Text
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Angelliaume, S.; Rosenberg, L.; Ritchie, M. Modeling the Amplitude Distribution of Radar Sea Clutter. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 319.
Angelliaume S, Rosenberg L, Ritchie M. Modeling the Amplitude Distribution of Radar Sea Clutter. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(3):319.Chicago/Turabian Style
Angelliaume, Sébastien; Rosenberg, Luke; Ritchie, Matthew. 2019. "Modeling the Amplitude Distribution of Radar Sea Clutter." Remote Sens. 11, no. 3: 319.
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