Tropospheric delays in spaceborne Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) can contaminate the measurement of small amplitude earth surface deformation. In this paper, a novel TXY-correlated method is proposed, where the main tropospheric delay components are jointly modeled in three dimensions, and then the long-scale and topography-correlated tropospheric delay components are corrected simultaneously. Moreover, the strategies of scale filtering and alternative iteration are employed to accurately retrieve all components of the joint model. Both the TXY-correlated method and the conventional phase-based methods are tested with a total of 25 TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X images collected over the Chaobai River site and the Renhe Town of Beijing Shunyi District, where natural scenes and man-made targets are contained. A higher correction rate of tropospheric delays and a greater reduction in spatio-temporal standard deviations of time series displacement are observed after delay correction by the TXY-correlated method in both non-urban and urban areas, which demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method.
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