3D laser simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) technology is one of the most efficient methods to capture spatial information. However, the low-precision of 3D laser SLAM point cloud limits its application in many fields. In order to improve the precision of 3D laser SLAM point cloud, we presented an offline coarse-to-fine precision optimization algorithm. The point clouds are first segmented and registered at the local level. Then, a pose graph of point cloud segments is constructed using feature similarity and global registration. At last, all segments are aligned and merged into the final optimized result. In addition, a cycle based error edge elimination method is utilized to guarantee the consistency of the pose graph. The experimental results demonstrated that our algorithm achieved good performance both in our test datasets and the Cartographer public dataset. Compared with the reference data obtained by terrestrial laser scanning (TLS), the average point-to-point distance root mean square errors (RMSE) of point clouds generated by Google’s Cartographer and LOAM laser SLAM algorithms are reduced by 47.3% and 53.4% respectively after optimization in our datasets. And the average plane-to-plane distances of them are reduced by 50.9% and 52.1% respectively.
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