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Quantitative Phenotyping of Northern Leaf Blight in UAV Images Using Deep Learning

1
Plant Breeding and Genetics Section, School of Integrative Plant Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
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Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
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Department of Mechanical Engineering and Institute of Data Science, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
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Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology Section, School of Integrative Plant Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(19), 2209; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11192209
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 21 September 2019
Plant disease poses a serious threat to global food security. Accurate, high-throughput methods of quantifying disease are needed by breeders to better develop resistant plant varieties and by researchers to better understand the mechanisms of plant resistance and pathogen virulence. Northern leaf blight (NLB) is a serious disease affecting maize and is responsible for significant yield losses. A Mask R-CNN model was trained to segment NLB disease lesions in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. The trained model was able to accurately detect and segment individual lesions in a hold-out test set. The mean intersect over union (IOU) between the ground truth and predicted lesions was 0.73, with an average precision of 0.96 at an IOU threshold of 0.50. Over a range of IOU thresholds (0.50 to 0.95), the average precision was 0.61. This work demonstrates the potential for combining UAV technology with a deep learning-based approach for instance segmentation to provide accurate, high-throughput quantitative measures of plant disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Northern leaf blight; Mask R-CNN; phenotyping; plant pathology; UAV Northern leaf blight; Mask R-CNN; phenotyping; plant pathology; UAV
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stewart, E.L.; Wiesner-Hanks, T.; Kaczmar, N.; DeChant, C.; Wu, H.; Lipson, H.; Nelson, R.J.; Gore, M.A. Quantitative Phenotyping of Northern Leaf Blight in UAV Images Using Deep Learning. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2209.

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