Recently, the application of satellite remote sensing images is becoming increasingly popular, but the observed images from satellite sensors are frequently in low-resolution (LR). Thus, they cannot fully meet the requirements of object identification and analysis. To utilize the multi-scale characteristics of objects fully in remote sensing images, this paper presents a multi-scale residual neural network (MRNN). MRNN adopts the multi-scale nature of satellite images to reconstruct high-frequency information accurately for super-resolution (SR) satellite imagery. Different sizes of patches from LR satellite images are initially extracted to fit different scale of objects. Large-, middle-, and small-scale deep residual neural networks are designed to simulate differently sized receptive fields for acquiring relative global, contextual, and local information for prior representation. Then, a fusion network is used to refine different scales of information. MRNN fuses the complementary high-frequency information from differently scaled networks to reconstruct the desired high-resolution satellite object image, which is in line with human visual experience (“look in multi-scale to see better”). Experimental results on the SpaceNet satellite image and NWPU-RESISC45 databases show that the proposed approach outperformed several state-of-the-art SR algorithms in terms of objective and subjective image qualities.
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