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Clustering of Wall Geometry from Unstructured Point Clouds Using Conditional Random Fields

Department of Civil Engineering, TC Construction—Geomatics, KU Leuven—Faculty of Engineering Technology, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(13), 1586; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11131586
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heritage 3D Modeling from Remote Sensing Data)
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Abstract

The automated reconstruction of Building Information Modeling (BIM) objects from point cloud data is still subject of ongoing research. A vital step in the process is identifying the observations for each wall object. Given a set of segmented and classified point clouds, the labeled segments should be clustered according to their respective objects. The current processes to perform this task are sensitive to noise, occlusions, and the associativity between faces of neighboring objects. The proper retrieval of the observed geometry is especially important for wall geometry as it forms the basis for further BIM reconstruction. In this work, a method is presented to automatically group wall segments derived from point clouds according to the proper walls of a building. More specifically, a Conditional Random Field is employed that evaluates the context of each wall segment in order to determine which wall it belongs to. First, a set of classified planar primitives is obtained through algorithms developed in prior work. Next, both local and contextual features are extracted based on the nearest neighbors and a number of seeds that are heuristically determined. The final wall clusters are then computed by decoding the graph. The method is tested on our own data as well as the 2D-3D-Semantics (2D-3D-S) benchmark data of Stanford. Compared to a conventional region growing method, the proposed method reduces the rate of false positives, resulting in better wall clusters. Overall, the method computes a more balanced clustering of the observations. A key advantage of the proposed method is its capability to deal with wall geometry in complex configurations in multi-storey buildings opposed to the presented methods in current literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: building information modeling; 3D modeling; semantic classification; point clouds building information modeling; 3D modeling; semantic classification; point clouds
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bassier, M.; Vergauwen, M. Clustering of Wall Geometry from Unstructured Point Clouds Using Conditional Random Fields. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1586.

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