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Fundamental Climate Data Records of Microwave Brightness Temperatures

Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Campus Box 1371, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, 1541D Space Research Building, 2455 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(8), 1306;
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 19 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Essential Climate Variables and Their Applications)
An intercalibrated Fundamental Climate Data Record (FCDR) of brightness temperatures (Tb) has been developed using data from a total of 14 research and operational conical-scanning microwave imagers. This dataset provides a consistent 30+ year data record of global observations that is well suited for retrieving estimates of precipitation, total precipitable water, cloud liquid water, ocean surface wind speed, sea ice extent and concentration, snow cover, soil moisture, and land surface emissivity. An initial FCDR was developed for a series of ten Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSMIS) instruments on board the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program spacecraft. An updated version of this dataset, including additional NASA and Japanese sensors, has been developed as part of the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission. The FCDR development efforts involved quality control of the original data, geolocation corrections, calibration corrections to account for cross-track and time-dependent calibration errors, and intercalibration to ensure consistency with the calibration reference. Both the initial SSMI(S) and subsequent GPM Level 1C FCDR datasets are documented, updated in near real-time, and publicly distributed. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; satellite; intercalibrate; microwave; climate data record remote sensing; satellite; intercalibrate; microwave; climate data record
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berg, W.; Kroodsma, R.; Kummerow, C.D.; McKague, D.S. Fundamental Climate Data Records of Microwave Brightness Temperatures. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1306.

AMA Style

Berg W, Kroodsma R, Kummerow CD, McKague DS. Fundamental Climate Data Records of Microwave Brightness Temperatures. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(8):1306.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Berg, Wesley, Rachael Kroodsma, Christian D. Kummerow, and Darren S. McKague. 2018. "Fundamental Climate Data Records of Microwave Brightness Temperatures" Remote Sensing 10, no. 8: 1306.

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