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Open AccessArticle

County-Rural Transformation Development from Viewpoint of “Population-Land-Industry” in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region under the Background of Rapid Urbanization

by Jintao Li 1, Yuanyuan Yang 1,2,* and Ning Jiang 1
Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1637;
Received: 24 July 2017 / Revised: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research)
In recent years, rural transformation has gradually become the focus of scholars and governments in the context of global sustainable development; it is of great significance to achieve urban-rural integration and coordinated development through studying the spatial-temporal characteristics and driving mechanism of rural transformation development. This paper analyzes the spatial-temporal characteristics of county-rural transformation development through drawing into the transformation degree (TD) and coordination degree (CD) from the viewpoint of “population–land–industry” (PT-IT-LT) in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. It explores the mechanism of PT-IT-LT on the rural transformation in different stages through multi-element positioning in the same space coordinate system and carries out functional regionalization on the basis of transformation and coordination research. The results showed that: (1) The CD and TD were divided into four types, namely, the lower-level, low-level, middle-level and high-level, and had a similar changed tendency from 1990 to 2015, where the middle- and high-level were in the central counties of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the lower- and low-level were in the other parts of the region. (2) According to the mechanism analysis, stages A and B were mainly influenced by industry transformation; stage D was affected by population transformation; and stage E was influenced by land transformation. (3) The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region was divided into an ecological conservation area, a key development area and a core leading area, according to the study, which would provide a scientific basis to achieve integration of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and regional strategic optimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural transformation; population-land-industry; coordination degree; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region rural transformation; population-land-industry; coordination degree; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region
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Li, J.; Yang, Y.; Jiang, N. County-Rural Transformation Development from Viewpoint of “Population-Land-Industry” in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region under the Background of Rapid Urbanization. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1637.

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