Next Article in Journal
Sustainable Entrepreneurial Orientation: A Business Strategic Approach for Sustainable Development
Previous Article in Journal
County-Rural Transformation Development from Viewpoint of “Population-Land-Industry” in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region under the Background of Rapid Urbanization
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Perception of Space among Children Studying Their Local Grasslands: Examining Attitudes and Behavioural Intentions

College of Arts and Education, Victoria University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
RMIT University, School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, Melbourne 3000, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1660;
Received: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 3 August 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
PDF [501 KB, uploaded 19 September 2017]


The study examined children’s perception of space in the context of place-based education. It investigates: the cognitive attitudinal dispositions involved in perceiving space as ‘empty’; and, how students’ attitudes toward one grassland site inform their attitudes and behavioural intentions when applied to similar spaces which are spatially and temporally remote. A group of urban primary students participated in a four-month environmental education program in which the students were immersed in a local grassland reserve through repeated visits and learning about grasslands. Data collection included surveys and a focus group activity concerning future neighbourhood planning. The results indicate that the children perceived as ‘empty’ spaces which were un-built, lacked human activities, or were un-identified on a map of the area. Students presented negative attitudes toward ‘empty spaces’ and were inclined to ‘fill’ them. In regard to future planning of their neighbourhood, high consistency was found between the students’ positive attitudes and their intentions to preserve the studied grassland site. This alignment between attitudes and behavioural intentions became disentangled when applied to remote sites at future times. While attitudes remained positive, behavioural intentions were willing to forsake grassland sites. The implications of the findings to environmental education are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: space perception; place-based education; attitudes; environmental planning space perception; place-based education; attitudes; environmental planning

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Eilam, E.; Garrard, G.E. Perception of Space among Children Studying Their Local Grasslands: Examining Attitudes and Behavioural Intentions. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1660.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top