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Open AccessArticle

Applying the Concept of Perceived Restoration to the Case of Cheonggyecheon Stream Park in Seoul, Korea

1
Bureau of Ecological Research, Division of Ecosystem Services and Research Planning, National Institute of Ecology, Chungcheongnam-do 33657, Korea
2
Department of Environmental Planning, Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning Institute, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, 82-222, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, 82-222, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1368; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081368
Received: 21 June 2017 / Revised: 31 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Challenges)
Studies on perceived restoration have focused on the differences between natural and artificial environments, whereas studies on what makes people select a particular restorative environment are limited. Using the location of Cheonggyecheon Stream Park in the urban center of Seoul, South Korea, this study tests whether people self-select locations based on individual and environmental characteristics. Empirical testing was conducted on 268 responses on a visitor survey that was developed based on the Perceived Restorativeness Scale. The major findings were that visitors’ characteristics such as gender, age, number of companions, visit frequency, and travel mode affect their selection of a particular setting, and that the chosen setting subsequently influences three dimensions of the Scale: being away, fascination, and coherence. These findings suggest that both individual and environmental characteristics should be considered in the creation of an effective perceived restorative environment in an urban center. View Full-Text
Keywords: Attention Restoration Theory; Perceived Restoration Scale; urban open space Attention Restoration Theory; Perceived Restoration Scale; urban open space
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Kim, M.; Gim, T.-H.T.; Sung, J.-S. Applying the Concept of Perceived Restoration to the Case of Cheonggyecheon Stream Park in Seoul, Korea. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1368.

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