Next Article in Journal
Applying the Concept of Perceived Restoration to the Case of Cheonggyecheon Stream Park in Seoul, Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
Factors Affecting Spatial and Temporal Concentration Variability of Pharmaceuticals: Comparison between Two WWTPs
Previous Article in Journal
Elaborating the Role of Backbone Leadership Organizations in Sustainable Tourism Development: The Monongahela River Valley Coalition
Previous Article in Special Issue
Trend Analysis of Construction Industrial Accidents in Korea from 2011 to 2015
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1365;

Crude Oil Contaminated Sites: Evaluation by Using Risk Assessment Approach

Department of Energy Production and Use, Splaiul Independentei No. 313, Faculty of Power Engineering, University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, 006042 Bucharest, Romania
Department of Environmental Engineering, University of KOCAELI, Umuttepe Kampüsü, TR-41380 İzmit, Kocaeli, Turkey
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2017 / Revised: 24 July 2017 / Accepted: 27 July 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Risk Assessment and Management)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1509 KB, uploaded 3 August 2017]   |  


Soils contaminated with toxic and persistent pollutants pose different and serious hazards to the environment and human health. Multidisciplinary procedures that are considering models for the prediction of risk for long-term exposure are needed. The present paper illustrates the operating mode and utility of an environmental software able toe0) integrates the dose-response modeling as a major part of hazard characterization in order to assess the quantitative risk from carcinogens. In this way, risk assessment is used as a method for the investigation of contaminated sites. The method is demonstrated on a Romanian field site, contaminated with petroleum products. For the assessment of human health risks from oil-contaminated sites, the contaminants of concern are considered as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (MAHs), and heavy metals, chemicals known as human carcinogens. Quantitative risk calculations revealed an individual risk of 1.07 × 10−5 for children and 6.89 × 10−6 for adults. The paper represents a utility example of an environmental software solution that could be considered by decision-making factors in approving certain projects. The software tool is helpful for protecting the environment and human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: exposure modeling; heavy metals; hydrocarbons; risk assessment; soil pollution exposure modeling; heavy metals; hydrocarbons; risk assessment; soil pollution

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cocârţă, D.M.; Stoian, M.A.; Karademir, A. Crude Oil Contaminated Sites: Evaluation by Using Risk Assessment Approach. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1365.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top