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Efficacy of Landfill Tax and Subsidy Policies for the Emergence of Industrial Symbiosis Networks: An Agent-Based Simulation Study

Coordination of Industrial Symbiosis through Anchoring

School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Sustainable Consumption Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Faculty of Technology, Policy & Management, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marian Chertow, Frank Boons and Giuseppe Ioppolo
Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 549;
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 17 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 5 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diverse Dynamics of Industrial Symbiosis: Emergence and Development)
This paper aims to contribute to understanding the dynamics of industrial symbiosis. More specifically, we focus on the dynamics of anchoring as they can be observed in the Chinese context of eco-industrial development. We define anchoring as those activities that (typically local) actors perform to create local physical and institutional conditions conducive to the emergence and further development of industrial symbiosis in a specific regional industrial system. We argue that, in the study of industrial symbiosis dynamics, it is conceptually more useful to focus on anchoring as an activity, rather than anchor tenants as actors. Based on a systematic literature review, we distinguish two types of anchoring activities: institutional and physical. We analyze anchoring dynamics in the case of Qijiang Industrial Symbiosis (Chongqing Municipality) in China. We have identified the physical and institutional anchoring activities, the actors responsible for these activities, and how different anchoring activities build on each other over time. Our case study shows that the attempt to bring about industrial symbiosis in the Qijiang industrial park can be described in a richer way than just ‘governmental planning’. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial symbiosis; anchoring; dynamics; China industrial symbiosis; anchoring; dynamics; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, L.; Spekkink, W.; Cuppen, E.; Korevaar, G. Coordination of Industrial Symbiosis through Anchoring. Sustainability 2017, 9, 549.

AMA Style

Sun L, Spekkink W, Cuppen E, Korevaar G. Coordination of Industrial Symbiosis through Anchoring. Sustainability. 2017; 9(4):549.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Li, Wouter Spekkink, Eefje Cuppen, and Gijsbert Korevaar. 2017. "Coordination of Industrial Symbiosis through Anchoring" Sustainability 9, no. 4: 549.

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