Virtual Sensors for Biodiesel Production in a Batch Reactor
AbstractFossil fuel combustion produces around 98% of coal emissions. Therefore, liquid and gaseous biofuels have become more attractive due to their environmental benefits. The biodiesel production process requires measurements that help to control and supervise the variables involved in the process. The measurements provide valuable information about the operation conditions and give estimations about the critical variables of the process. The information from measurements is essential for monitoring the state of a process and verifying if it has an optimal performance. The objective of this study was the conception of a virtual sensor based on the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) and the model of a batch biodiesel reactor for estimating concentrations of triglycerides (TG), diglycerides (DG), monoglycerides (MG), methyl ester (E), alcohol (A), and glycerol (GL) in real-time through measurement of the temperature and pH. Estimation of the TG, DG, MG, E, A, and Gl through this method eliminates the need for additional sensors and allows the use of different types of control. For the performance analysis of the virtual sensor, the data obtained from the EKF are compared with experimental data reported in the literature, with the mean square error of the estimate then being calculated. In addition, the results of this approach can be implemented in a real system, since it only uses measurements available in a reactor such as temperature and pH. View Full-Text
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López-Zapata, B.Y.; Adam-Medina, M.; Álvarez-Gutiérrez, P.E.; Castillo-González, J.P.; León, H.-D.; Vela-Valdés, L.G. Virtual Sensors for Biodiesel Production in a Batch Reactor. Sustainability 2017, 9, 455.
López-Zapata BY, Adam-Medina M, Álvarez-Gutiérrez PE, Castillo-González JP, León H-D, Vela-Valdés LG. Virtual Sensors for Biodiesel Production in a Batch Reactor. Sustainability. 2017; 9(3):455.Chicago/Turabian Style
López-Zapata, Betty Y.; Adam-Medina, Manuel; Álvarez-Gutiérrez, Peggy E.; Castillo-González, Juan P.; León, Héctor R. Hernández-de; Vela-Valdés, Luis G. 2017. "Virtual Sensors for Biodiesel Production in a Batch Reactor." Sustainability 9, no. 3: 455.
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