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Sustainable Urban Development? Exploring the Locational Attributes of LEED-ND Projects in the United States through a GIS Analysis of Light Intensity and Land Use

1
Department of History, Politics and Social Justice, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC 27110, USA
2
Department of Geography and Geology, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE 68182, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 547; https://doi.org/10.3390/su8060547
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 31 May 2016 / Accepted: 8 June 2016 / Published: 11 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
LEED®-ND™ is the latest attempt to develop more sustainable urban environs in the United States. The LEED®-ND™ program was created to provide a green rating system that would improve the quality of life for all people through the inclusion of sustainable development practices. To achieve this, a premium is placed on the locational attributes of proposed projects under the “Smart Location and Linkages” credit category. The purpose of this paper is to explore the locational attributes of LEED®-ND™ projects in the United States to determine if projects are being located in areas that will result in achieving the program’s stated objectives. Specifically, this paper will examine two locational variables (i.e., night-time light intensity and land use cover) through the use of GIS to determine the effectiveness of these criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainability; sustainable land use; sustainable urban development; LEED®-ND™; neighborhood sustainability assessment; VIIRS urban sustainability; sustainable land use; sustainable urban development; LEED®-ND™; neighborhood sustainability assessment; VIIRS
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Smith, R.M.; Bereitschaft, B. Sustainable Urban Development? Exploring the Locational Attributes of LEED-ND Projects in the United States through a GIS Analysis of Light Intensity and Land Use. Sustainability 2016, 8, 547.

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