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Sustainability 2013, 5(5), 1789-1805;

Growing Green and Competitive—A Case Study of a Swedish Pulp Mill

History of Technology Unit, Luleå University of Technology, SE 971 87 Luleå, Sweden
Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, SE 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2013 / Revised: 4 April 2013 / Accepted: 22 April 2013 / Published: 29 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Business: Opportunities and Challenges for Sustainability)
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The experiences of past efforts of industrial pollution control while maintaining competitiveness should be of great value to research and policy practice addressing sustainability issues today. In this article, we analyze the environmental adaptation of the Swedish pulp industry during the period 1970–1990 as illustrated by the sulfite pulp producer Domsjö mill. We investigate how this company managed to adapt to heavy transformation pressure from increasing international competition in combination with strict national environmental regulations during the 1960s to the early 1990s. In line with the so-called Porter hypothesis, the company was able to coordinate the problems that were environmental in nature with activities aiming at production efficiency goals and the development of new products. Swedish environmental agencies and legislation facilitated this “win-win” situation by a flexible but still challenging regulatory approach towards the company. From the early 1990s and onwards, the greening of the pulp industry was also a result of increased market pressure for green paper products. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulp and paper; porter hypothesis; Sweden; history pulp and paper; porter hypothesis; Sweden; history
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Söderholm, K.; Bergquist, A.-K. Growing Green and Competitive—A Case Study of a Swedish Pulp Mill. Sustainability 2013, 5, 1789-1805.

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