2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Data Collection
2.2. Participant Description
2.3. Data Analysis and Interpretation
3.1. The Benefits of Temporary Clothes Swapping
3.1.1. Physiological: Warmth and Comfort
3.1.2. Securing Free Resources: More Clothes to Wear
3.1.3. Social: Deepening Friendships
3.1.4. Self-Esteem: Increased Confidence
3.1.5. Self-Actualization: Experimenting, Creativity, and Pleasure
3.1.6. Transcendence: Sustainability Ideals
3.2. The Risks of Temporary Clothes Swapping
3.2.1. Health Safety Risk: Garment Contamination
3.2.2. Safety Risk: Garment Damage
3.2.3. Self-Esteem Risk: Vulnerability
3.3. Practical Considerations for Temporary Swapping
3.3.1. Selecting Partner for Temporary Clothes Swap
3.3.2. Selecting Clothes for Temporary Swapping
3.4. The Hidden Mechanics of Temporary Clothing Swapping
- how close women were to their swapping partners;
- how much they enjoyed or loved clothes;
- how much they enjoyed the swapping experience overall.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
- Thank you for participating in the study! Before swapping the garments, please complete:
- Garment description form for each of the garments you have prepared for swapping
- Background information
- The first set of journaling questions
- Sing the consent form
- Please provide a description of each garment prepared for swapping with your partner:
- Garment type and fit/silhouette (e.g., A-line skirt; oversized sweater; tailored dress; boxy blazer, etc.):
- Brand name:
- Fiber content (e.g., 100% cotton; 50% wool & 50% cashmere):
- Is the garment dressy or casual?
- How long have you owned the garment (providing approximate range in years is acceptable)?
- When did you wear the garment last time (approximate date is acceptable, e.g., spring 2018)?
- If it was sold today as a new, what its price would be (providing an approximate range in $$ is acceptable):
- Describe the garment, including color, fabric pattern/print, any decorative or functional design features (e.g., closures, pockets, trims, etc.)
- On a scale 1 (don’t like at all) to 10 (like very much), how do you like this garment:
- Please explain what you like/don’t like about it:
- Please provide some background information about yourself:
- Approximate age (e.g., early 40 s):
- Household income range (select one):
- Less than $50,000
- More than $150,000
- Education (select one)
- Some high school
- High school or equivalent
- Some college, no degree
- Associate degree
- Bachelor’s degree
- Graduate degree
- Please type up your responses to the questions below and include date for each entry. You are encouraged to be open and honest in your reflection on the experiences and providing as much detail as possible, including your thoughts, feelings, and emotions.
- Why/how did you decide to participate in the study? What are your expectations? Please explain why you have these expectations.
- Please describe your clothing style/taste.
- Please briefly describe your perception of your swapping partner’s clothing style/taste.
- Please explain how and why you selected the garments to share with your partner.
- Take photos of every garment and provide a brief description for each (use the included form to describe each of the garments prepared for swapping).
- Anything else you would like to share?
- Indicate the date when you exchanged garments with your partner
- As you look through the garments you received from your swapping partner, please describe:
- your reactions/thoughts/feelings for each garment and what you did with them (e.g., tried them on right away; placed/hang in your closet, tried mixing & matching with the garments in your wardrobe; left in the original box/bag, etc.); please explain why;
- your expectations for how much/how often you will use each garment and in which situations (e.g., work, leisure, etc.) and why;
- note which items you liked and which ones you did not like and explain why.
- Anything else you would like to share?
- When you wear a swapped garment, make a short note how it makes you feel when selecting/trying on an outfit; during the process of wearing the item and reflect on any feelings after.
- Take a photo of the whole outfit that you put together with one or more swapped garments (please do not include your face or other identifiable features such as birthmarks or tattoos, just the outfit).
- Write down any comments you might receive from anyone about your outfits and your feelings.
- Note any personal or social impact that your new outfits might have on your life.
- Please share anything else related to your experiences with the swapped garments.
- how many garments you have used/worn and how often, please explain why;
- which garments you did not use/wear and why;
- how many garments you’d like to keep (longer/forever) and why?
- anything else you would like to share?
- Indicate the date when you swapped garments back.
- Note how many garments you did NOT return to your partner and kept for good in your possession. Explain how you negotiated with your partner to keep these garments. Why was it important for you to keep these garments? Did you have similar items in your wardrobe? If not, why?
- What did you like and did not like about the collaborative consumption process and experience? What were the positives/benefits and the negatives/challenges of the swapping experience?
- Would you do wardrobe sharing again with the same or different friend/ acquaintance? Why? Why not?
- If you did wardrobe sharing again, what would you do differently to ensure it is a success for both you and your swapping partner? (e.g., what would you discuss with your partner before exchanging garments?)
- Do you think this swapping strategy might work for other people? Why? Why not? Who would you swap the garments with? And who would you NOT swap garments? Please explain. Based on your experience, provide a set of recommendations or tips for swapping to work for other people.
- Anything else you would like to share?
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|Maslow’s Needs||Swapping Benefits||Participant Expressions|
|Physiological needs||Warmth and comfort|
|More clothes to wear at no cost|
|Social needs (e.g., love and belonging)||Deepening friendships|
|Self-esteem needs (e.g., confidence, respect, prestige)||Increased confidence|
(e.g., personal growth, creativity, problem solving)
|Experi-menting, creativity, and pleasure|
|Transcendence needs||Sustainability ideals|
|Maslow’s Needs||Swapping Risks||Participant Expressions|
|Safety risk (e.g., security of body, health, and resources)||Garment contamination|
(e.g., confidence, respect from others, prestige)
|Swapping Considerations||Participant Expressions|
|Partner’s aesthetic and style|
|Partner’s background and lifestyle|
|Clothes selection: Items from inactive wardrobe|
|Basic benefits of swapping|
Warmth and comfort
|Securing free resources:|
More clothes to wear
|Psychological benefits of swapping|
|Personal growth benefits of swapping|
Pleasure and fun
|Safety risk (health):|
|Safety risk (garment):|
|Key characteristics of the swapping experience|
|Number of swapped garments used/total swapped garments||6/8||6/8||9/9||9/10||5/7||5/8||1/8||3/8|
|Love for clothes (3 = strong)||3||3||3||3||2||1||1||1|
|Relationship between swapping partners (3 = very close)||2||2||3||3||1||1||1||1|
|Enjoyed swapping experience overall (3 = very much)||3||3||3||3||2||2||1||1|
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