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Article

Towards a Resilient and Resource-Efficient Local Food System Based on Industrial Symbiosis in Härnösand: A Swedish Case Study

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Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering, Mid Sweden University, 85230 Sundsvall, Sweden
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Department of Design, Mid Sweden University, 85230 Sundsvall, Sweden
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Department of Circular Economy, Chalmers Industrial Engineering, 41296 Göteborg, Sweden
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Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism, Mid Sweden University, 85230 Sundsvall, Sweden
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Environmental Technology and Management, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, 58183 Linköping, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael S. Carolan
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2197; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042197
Received: 24 January 2022 / Accepted: 10 February 2022 / Published: 15 February 2022
The endeavour to align the goals of the Swedish food strategy with the national environmental quality objectives and the 17 global SDGs, presents an extraordinary challenge that calls for systemic innovation. Industrial symbiosis can potentially provide the means for increasing sustainable food production, using locally sub-exploited resources that can reduce the need for land, agrochemicals, transport and energy. This case study of the municipality of Härnösand, aims to assess opportunities and challenges for using waste flows and by-products for local food production, facilitated by industrial symbiosis. A potential symbiotic network was developed during three workshops with the main stakeholders in Härnösand. The potential of the COVID-19 pandemic to instigate policy changes, behavioural changes and formation of new alliances that may catalyse the transition towards food systems based on industrial symbiosis is discussed. The material flow inventory revealed that many underexploited resource flows were present in quantities that rendered them commercially interesting. Resources that can be used for innovative food production include, e.g., lignocellulosic residues, rock dust, and food processing waste. The internalised drive among local companies interested in industrial symbiosis and the emerging symbiotic relations, provide a fertile ground for the establishment of a local network that can process the sub-exploited material flows. Although there are multiple challenges for an industrial symbiosis network to form in Härnösand, this study shows that there is a significant potential to create added value from the region’s many resources while at the same time making the food system more sustainable and resilient, by expanding industrial symbiosis practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic recovery policy; COVID-19; sustainable development; sustainability transitions; food supply chain; industrial symbiosis; circular economy economic recovery policy; COVID-19; sustainable development; sustainability transitions; food supply chain; industrial symbiosis; circular economy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Haller, H.; Fagerholm, A.-S.; Carlsson, P.; Skoglund, W.; van den Brink, P.; Danielski, I.; Brink, K.; Mirata, M.; Englund, O. Towards a Resilient and Resource-Efficient Local Food System Based on Industrial Symbiosis in Härnösand: A Swedish Case Study. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2197. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042197

AMA Style

Haller H, Fagerholm A-S, Carlsson P, Skoglund W, van den Brink P, Danielski I, Brink K, Mirata M, Englund O. Towards a Resilient and Resource-Efficient Local Food System Based on Industrial Symbiosis in Härnösand: A Swedish Case Study. Sustainability. 2022; 14(4):2197. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haller, Henrik, Anna-Sara Fagerholm, Peter Carlsson, Wilhelm Skoglund, Paul van den Brink, Itai Danielski, Kristina Brink, Murat Mirata, and Oskar Englund. 2022. "Towards a Resilient and Resource-Efficient Local Food System Based on Industrial Symbiosis in Härnösand: A Swedish Case Study" Sustainability 14, no. 4: 2197. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042197

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