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Article

Learning Performance Prediction-Based Personalized Feedback in Online Learning via Machine Learning

by 1,*, 1 and 2
1
Key Laboratory of Intelligent Education Technology and Application of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
2
School of Information Technology in Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Abdeldjalil Ouahabi and Sébastien Jacques
Sustainability 2022, 14(13), 7654; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137654
Received: 15 May 2022 / Revised: 18 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
Online learning has become a vital option for ensuring daily instruction in response to the emergence of the COVID-19 epidemic. However, different from conventional massive online learning, inadequate available data bring challenges for instructors to identify underachieving students in school-based online learning, which may obstruct timely guidance and impede learning performance. Exploring small-sample-supported learning performance prediction and personalized feedback methods is an urgent need to mitigate these shortcomings. Consequently, considering the problem of insufficient data, this study proposes a machine learning model for learning performance prediction with additional pre-training and fine-tuning phases, and constructs a personalized feedback generation method to improve the online learning effect. With a quasi-experiment involving 62 participants (33 in experimental group and 29 in control group), the validity of the prediction model and personalized feedback generation, and the impact of the personalized feedback on learning performance and cognitive load, were evaluated. The results revealed that the proposed model reached a relatively high level of accuracy compared to the baseline models. Additionally, the students who learned with personalized feedback performed significantly better in terms of learning performance and showed a lower cognitive load. View Full-Text
Keywords: learning performance prediction; personalized feedback; online learning; machine learning learning performance prediction; personalized feedback; online learning; machine learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Zhang, L.; He, T. Learning Performance Prediction-Based Personalized Feedback in Online Learning via Machine Learning. Sustainability 2022, 14, 7654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137654

AMA Style

Wang X, Zhang L, He T. Learning Performance Prediction-Based Personalized Feedback in Online Learning via Machine Learning. Sustainability. 2022; 14(13):7654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xizhe, Linjie Zhang, and Tao He. 2022. "Learning Performance Prediction-Based Personalized Feedback in Online Learning via Machine Learning" Sustainability 14, no. 13: 7654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137654

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