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The Impacts of a COVID-19 Related Lockdown (and Reopening Phases) on Time Use and Mobility for Activities in Austria—Results from a Multi-Wave Combined Survey

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Department of Landscape, Spatial and Infrastructure Sciences, Institute for Transport Studies, Peter Jordan-Straße 82, 1190 Vienna, Austria
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Academic Editors: Jinjun Tang, Xinqiang Chen, Yongsheng Yang and Wenhui Zhang
Sustainability 2022, 14(12), 7422; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14127422
Received: 20 May 2022 / Revised: 10 June 2022 / Accepted: 13 June 2022 / Published: 17 June 2022
When activity locations were shut down in the first lockdown to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in Austria, people reduced their trips accordingly. Based on a dataset obtained through a weeklong mobility and activity survey we analyse mobility and time use changes, as well as changes in activity locations and secondary activities. Regression analysis is used to analyse differences in time use changes between socio-demographic groups. We show that trip rates and distances as well as public transport use dropped significantly during the lockdown and did not recover fully in the subsequent opening phase. Former travel time was used for additional leisure, sleep, domestic tasks, and eating in the lockdown, but only the latter two retained their increases in the opening phase. The lockdown resulted in a convergence of time use of socio-demographic groups with formerly different patterns, but the differences reappeared in the opening phase. Our findings are consistent with results from the literature but offer an integrated perspective on mobility and time use not found in either mobility- or time use-focussed studies. We conclude that there is a potential for trip reduction through a shift to virtual performance of activities, but the extent of this shift in post-pandemic times remains unclear. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; time use; mobility; virtual activities; secondary activities COVID-19; time use; mobility; virtual activities; secondary activities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hartwig, L.; Hössinger, R.; Susilo, Y.O.; Gühnemann, A. The Impacts of a COVID-19 Related Lockdown (and Reopening Phases) on Time Use and Mobility for Activities in Austria—Results from a Multi-Wave Combined Survey. Sustainability 2022, 14, 7422. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14127422

AMA Style

Hartwig L, Hössinger R, Susilo YO, Gühnemann A. The Impacts of a COVID-19 Related Lockdown (and Reopening Phases) on Time Use and Mobility for Activities in Austria—Results from a Multi-Wave Combined Survey. Sustainability. 2022; 14(12):7422. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14127422

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hartwig, Lukas, Reinhard Hössinger, Yusak O. Susilo, and Astrid Gühnemann. 2022. "The Impacts of a COVID-19 Related Lockdown (and Reopening Phases) on Time Use and Mobility for Activities in Austria—Results from a Multi-Wave Combined Survey" Sustainability 14, no. 12: 7422. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14127422

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