Next Article in Journal
Help-Seeking in an Academic Context: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of Ecosystem Services and Their Drivers of Change under Human-Dominated Pressure—The Meghna River Estuary of Bangladesh
Previous Article in Special Issue
Low Inertia Systems Frequency Variation Reduction with Fine-Tuned Smart Energy Controllers
Article

Adaptive Volt-Var Control Algorithm to Grid Strength and PV Inverter Characteristics

1
Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC), Sant Adrià de Besòs, 08930 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Projects and Construction Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), 08034 Barcelona, Spain
3
Schneider Electric, 41092 Sevilla, Spain
4
CSEM SA, 2002 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tomonobu Senjyu
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4459; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084459
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 10 April 2021 / Published: 16 April 2021
The high-penetration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) in low voltage distribution grids, mainly photovoltaics (PV), might lead to overvoltage in the point of common coupling, thus, limiting the entrance of renewable sources to fulfill the requirements from the network operator. Volt-var is a common control function for DER power converters that is used to enhance the stability and reliability of the voltage in the distribution system. In this study, a centralized algorithm provides local volt-var control parameters to each PV inverter, which are based on the electrical grid characteristics. Because accurate information of grid characteristics is typically not available, the parametrization of the electrical grid is done using a local power meter data and a voltage sensitivity matrix. The algorithm has different optimization modes that take into account the minimization of voltage deviation and line current. To validate the effectiveness of the algorithm and its deployment in a real infrastructure, the solution has been tested in an experimental setup with PV emulators under laboratory conditions. The volt-var control algorithm successfully adapted its parameters based on grid topology and PV inverter characteristics, achieving a voltage reduction of up to 25% of the allowed voltage deviation. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributed power generation; low-voltage; test facilities; standards; voltage regulation; reactive power; microgrids; photovoltaic systems; optimization methods distributed power generation; low-voltage; test facilities; standards; voltage regulation; reactive power; microgrids; photovoltaic systems; optimization methods
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Gubert, T.C.; Colet, A.; Casals, L.C.; Corchero, C.; Domínguez-García, J.L.; Sotomayor, A.A.d.; Martin, W.; Stauffer, Y.; Alet, P.-J. Adaptive Volt-Var Control Algorithm to Grid Strength and PV Inverter Characteristics. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4459. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084459

AMA Style

Gubert TC, Colet A, Casals LC, Corchero C, Domínguez-García JL, Sotomayor AAd, Martin W, Stauffer Y, Alet P-J. Adaptive Volt-Var Control Algorithm to Grid Strength and PV Inverter Characteristics. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4459. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084459

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gubert, Toni C., Alba Colet, Lluc C. Casals, Cristina Corchero, José L. Domínguez-García, Amelia A.d. Sotomayor, William Martin, Yves Stauffer, and Pierre-Jean Alet. 2021. "Adaptive Volt-Var Control Algorithm to Grid Strength and PV Inverter Characteristics" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4459. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084459

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop