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Eco-Economic Coordination Analysis of the Yellow River Basin in China: Insights from Major Function-Oriented Zoning

1
School of Geography, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041000, China
2
School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China
3
Research Centre of Arable Land Protection and Urban-Rural High-Quality Development of Yellow River Basin, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Boggia
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2715; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052715
Received: 18 January 2021 / Revised: 19 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
The ecological-economic coordination degree model is widely used to analyze eco-economic coordination relationships, but methods for determining the relative weights of the ecological and economic systems lack a scientific basis. Examining the Yellow River Basin based on Major Function-Oriented Zoning (MFOZ) in China, the study surveyed 42 experts and used the analytic hierarchy process (AHP)to calculate the ecological and economic weights of the different main function zones. It also improved the model and evaluated the coordination degree of the ecological economic system in 642counties of eight provinces in the Yellow River Basin from 1991 to 2015. The results indicate that (1) the ecological value of the basin increased from 823 billion Yuan in 2001 to 1142 billion Yuan in 2015; (2) the GDP shows a linear growth trend: high- and medium–high-value areas of per capita GDP are clustered around nine metropolitan areas, while cold spots are distributed in ecological protection and agricultural development zones; (3) the ecological and economic coordination of the river basin first rose and then declined; and (4) the coordinated development areas are concentrated in five urban agglomerations that are highly consistent with the per capita GDP hotspots. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecology and economy; coordination; sustainable development; Major Function-Oriented Zoning (MFOZ); analytic hierarchy process; Yellow River Basin ecology and economy; coordination; sustainable development; Major Function-Oriented Zoning (MFOZ); analytic hierarchy process; Yellow River Basin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Z.; Chang, T.; Qiao, X.; Yang, Y.; Guo, J.; Zhang, H. Eco-Economic Coordination Analysis of the Yellow River Basin in China: Insights from Major Function-Oriented Zoning. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052715

AMA Style

Zhang Z, Chang T, Qiao X, Yang Y, Guo J, Zhang H. Eco-Economic Coordination Analysis of the Yellow River Basin in China: Insights from Major Function-Oriented Zoning. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Zhongwu; Chang, Tianying; Qiao, Xuning; Yang, Yongju; Guo, Jing; Zhang, Han. 2021. "Eco-Economic Coordination Analysis of the Yellow River Basin in China: Insights from Major Function-Oriented Zoning" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052715

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