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Article

Influence of Iron Filing Waste on the Performance of Warm Mix Asphalt

1
School of Science, Engineering & Environment, University of Salford, Manchester M5 4WT, UK
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad 10071, Iraq
3
Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad 10071, Iraq
4
Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad 10072, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nuha Mashaan, Nur Izzi Md Yusoff and Saad Issa Sarsam
Sustainability 2021, 13(24), 13828; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413828
Received: 1 November 2021 / Revised: 6 December 2021 / Accepted: 11 December 2021 / Published: 14 December 2021
Recently, interest in the use of projectiles in research on recycling waste materials for construction applications has grown. Using recycled materials for the construction of asphalt concrete pavement, in the meantime, has become a topic of research due to its significant benefits, such as cost savings and reduced environmental impacts. This study reports on comprehensive experimental research conducted using a typical mechanical milling waste, iron filing waste (IFW), as an alternative fine aggregate for warm mix asphalt (WMA) for pavement wearing surface applications. A type of IFW from a local machine workshop was used to replace the conventional fine aggregate, fine natural sand (FNS), at percentages of 25%, 50% 75%, and 100% by the weight of FNS of the size passing sieve No. 50. Experimental tests were conducted on the mixes to compare their Marshall properties, resilient moduli, rutting and fatigue resistance, and moisture susceptibility. Finally, a performance analysis was carried out using the VESYS 5W software on the constructed pavement using the IFW mixes. Both the experiment and the modeling work demonstrated that IFW can be an effective alternative resource for replacing natural fine aggregate in WMA concrete and provided details on the optimum rate based on the comprehensive data obtained first hand. View Full-Text
Keywords: warm mix asphalt; iron filings waste; fine natural sand; rutting; fatigue warm mix asphalt; iron filings waste; fine natural sand; rutting; fatigue
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Latief, R.H.; Al-Mosawe, H.; Mohammad, H.K.; Albayati, A.; Haynes, J. Influence of Iron Filing Waste on the Performance of Warm Mix Asphalt. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13828. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413828

AMA Style

Wang Y, Latief RH, Al-Mosawe H, Mohammad HK, Albayati A, Haynes J. Influence of Iron Filing Waste on the Performance of Warm Mix Asphalt. Sustainability. 2021; 13(24):13828. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413828

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yu, Roaa H. Latief, Hasan Al-Mosawe, Hussein K. Mohammad, Amjad Albayati, and Jonathan Haynes. 2021. "Influence of Iron Filing Waste on the Performance of Warm Mix Asphalt" Sustainability 13, no. 24: 13828. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413828

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