Next Article in Journal
Hybrid Architectural Network Implementation to Realize a Fire Evacuation Path with 2.4 GHz Zigbee and LoRa
Next Article in Special Issue
Enhancing Final-Year Medical Students’ Clinical Examinations Performance via a Transdiagnostic ACT-Based Intervention
Previous Article in Journal
People Prefer Greener Corridors: Evidence from Linking the Patterns of Tree and Shrub Diversity and Users’ Preferences in Lisbon’s Green Corridors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Longitudinal Analysis of Teacher Technology Acceptance and Its Relationship to Resource Viewing and Academic Performance of College Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
 
 
Article

Effect of Positive Parenting Styles as Perceived by Middle School Students on Academic Achievement and the Mediation Effect of Self-Esteem and Academic Engagement

1
BK21FOUR Group of Education, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Liberal Arts, Wesley Creative Convergence College, HyupSung University, Hwaseong 18330, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ana B. Bernardo, Adrian Castro-Lopez, Javier Puente and Leandro Almeida
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13233; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313233
Received: 1 November 2021 / Revised: 18 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 29 November 2021
This study aimed to identify how positive parenting styles as perceived by middle school students affect their academic achievement and to assess the mediation effect of self-esteem and academic engagement. Data concerning 2590 middle school first graders were obtained from the South Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey 2018, and data analysis was undertaken using the SPSS21.0, AMOS22.0, and PROCESS macro programs. This study identified significantly positive effects of positive parenting styles and academic engagement on self-esteem, and of academic engagement on academic achievement. Furthermore, self-esteem and academic engagement had a mediating effect on the relation between positive parenting styles and academic achievement. Therefore, educators should develop programs that improve positive parenting styles, and specific programs for middle school students to enhance their academic engagement and self-esteem. View Full-Text
Keywords: middle school students; parenting style; self-esteem; academic achievement; academic engagement; social emotions; performance middle school students; parenting style; self-esteem; academic achievement; academic engagement; social emotions; performance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, J.Y.; Kim, E. Effect of Positive Parenting Styles as Perceived by Middle School Students on Academic Achievement and the Mediation Effect of Self-Esteem and Academic Engagement. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13233. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313233

AMA Style

Kim JY, Kim E. Effect of Positive Parenting Styles as Perceived by Middle School Students on Academic Achievement and the Mediation Effect of Self-Esteem and Academic Engagement. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13233. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Jhong Yun, and Eunbee Kim. 2021. "Effect of Positive Parenting Styles as Perceived by Middle School Students on Academic Achievement and the Mediation Effect of Self-Esteem and Academic Engagement" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13233. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313233

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop