Next Article in Journal
Lithium in the Green Energy Transition: The Quest for Both Sustainability and Security
Next Article in Special Issue
Why Can’t I Work in a Green Way? Research on the Influencing Mechanism of Employees’ Labor Intentions
Previous Article in Journal
The Scope of Climate Assemblies: Lessons from the Climate Assembly UK
Article

Do Career Demands and Career Choices Always Coincide? A Matching Perspective Based on Career Anchors and Job Characteristics

by 1,2,*, 3 and 3
1
School of Business, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
2
Institute of National Security and Green Development, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
3
School of Economics and Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ermanno C. Tortia
Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11273; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011273
Received: 2 September 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theories and Methods of Positive Organizational Behavior)
Career choice is an important behavior for people wanting to develop their social life and is a key link to doing so. The matching of career choice with an individual’s real work demands will have a significant impact on the development of individuals, organizations, and society. However, at this stage, there are few studies on this matching situation. From the perspective of the matching of career anchors and job characteristics, this study explored the distribution and different characteristics of employees’ career demands and their career choices through a survey of 407 employees, and further discussed the matching status of these. The results of the study are as follows: (1) Individual career demands (career anchors) presented three attributes: single, multiple, and unclear. Among the single career anchor types, life anchors had the largest proportion, while among multiple career anchor individuals, individuals with both challenge anchors and service anchors accounted for the majority. (2) Individual career demands (career anchors) were significantly different across most demographic variables and organizational/work variables. (3) Deviations between employees’ career demands and their career choices seemed to be a common phenomenon, with the highest degree of fit (62.79%) with the entrepreneurial creativity anchor and the lowest degree of fit (21.28%) with the lifestyle anchor. In addition, in an analysis of three job fit characteristics, the entrepreneurial creativity anchor had a significant preference for managerial characteristics, whereas the challenge anchor had a significant preference for technological characteristics. The degrees of fit of the other anchors were characterized by the frequency of ‘right suboptimal fit’ being larger than that of ‘left suboptimal fit’. In other words, a specific career anchor had a significant preference for job characteristics matched by the right career anchor, with the midpoint of the career anchor octagon model defining the angle of observation. This study provides a reference for human resource management departments and for employees’ recognition and planning of career anchors. View Full-Text
Keywords: career choices; true demand; career anchor; job characteristics; degree of fit career choices; true demand; career anchor; job characteristics; degree of fit
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, H.; Wang, Y.; Ding, Y. Do Career Demands and Career Choices Always Coincide? A Matching Perspective Based on Career Anchors and Job Characteristics. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011273

AMA Style

Chen H, Wang Y, Ding Y. Do Career Demands and Career Choices Always Coincide? A Matching Perspective Based on Career Anchors and Job Characteristics. Sustainability. 2021; 13(20):11273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011273

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Hong, Yujie Wang, and Yunqiao Ding. 2021. "Do Career Demands and Career Choices Always Coincide? A Matching Perspective Based on Career Anchors and Job Characteristics" Sustainability 13, no. 20: 11273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011273

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop