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A Literature Evaluation of Systemic Challenges Affecting the European Maritime Energy Transition

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Department of Maritime and Transport Technology, Faculty of Mechanical, Maritime and Marine Engineering (3mE), Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
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Maritime & Offshore, Buildings, Infrastructure and Maritime, TNO, 2628 CK Delft, The Netherlands
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Department of Values, Technology and Innovation, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 BX Delft, The Netherlands
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 715; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020715
Received: 25 October 2020 / Revised: 25 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Energy transition is affecting the European maritime sector at an increasing rate. New technologies and regulations are being introduced with increasing speed. The ability to adapt to these changes is crucial for the economic success of the maritime sector. However, the sector is challenged by inertia due to its global nature and long-life assets (e.g., vessels). These developments result in a globally projected greenhouse gas emission growth rather than a reduction towards 2050. The sector can be considered essential to economic prosperity, but its innovation system should align with global sustainability trends. This article aims to structure and evaluate the maritime sector’s systemic challenges by conducting an extensive systematic review of (sustainable) maritime innovation literature. These findings are structured and discussed via four key activities that support the transition process: developing strategy and policy, creating legitimacy, mobilizing resources, and developing and disseminating knowledge. View Full-Text
Keywords: maritime sector; systemic challenges; energy transition; innovation maritime sector; systemic challenges; energy transition; innovation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bergsma, J.M.; Pruyn, J.; van de Kaa, G. A Literature Evaluation of Systemic Challenges Affecting the European Maritime Energy Transition. Sustainability 2021, 13, 715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020715

AMA Style

Bergsma JM, Pruyn J, van de Kaa G. A Literature Evaluation of Systemic Challenges Affecting the European Maritime Energy Transition. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bergsma, Jurrit M.; Pruyn, Jeroen; van de Kaa, Geerten. 2021. "A Literature Evaluation of Systemic Challenges Affecting the European Maritime Energy Transition" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020715

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