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Article

The Impact of COVID-19 on Air Transportation Network in the United States, Europe, and China

1
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Beihang Hangzhou Innovation Institute Yuhang, Xixi Octagon City, Yuhang District, Hangzhou 310023, China
3
Institute of Logistics and Aviation, Technische Universität Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Armando Cartenì, Ilaria Henke and Luigi Dell’Olio
Sustainability 2021, 13(17), 9656; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179656
Received: 11 July 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
The air transportation industry has undergone unprecedented changes throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, as measured in terms of flight cancellations, aircraft retirements, airline bailouts, and disconnection of worldwide communities. In this study, we performed a cross-comparison of the impact COVID-19 had on three aviation centers of the world—the United States, Europe, and China. Methodologically, we analyzed the air transportation system as complex networks and by using time series analysis. We discovered that the peak of COVID-19 impact was around April/May 2020, followed by a strong recovery mostly in domestic subsystems. We found a homogeneous impact on the United States, a strong heterogeneous impact on Europe, and a rather short-term impact on China. Domestic flight connectivity recovered much faster than international flight connectivity, particularly for the Chinese air transportation system. Our study provided a comprehensive, data-driven analysis of the COVID-19 impact on air transportation for these three major regions, augmented by references to the rich scientific literature on this subject. We hope that our work opens up pathways to a better understanding and a higher degree of preparedness for future pandemics. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; air transportation; complex networks COVID-19; air transportation; complex networks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, X.; Wandelt, S.; Fricke, H.; Rosenow, J. The Impact of COVID-19 on Air Transportation Network in the United States, Europe, and China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 9656. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179656

AMA Style

Sun X, Wandelt S, Fricke H, Rosenow J. The Impact of COVID-19 on Air Transportation Network in the United States, Europe, and China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(17):9656. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179656

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Xiaoqian, Sebastian Wandelt, Hartmut Fricke, and Judith Rosenow. 2021. "The Impact of COVID-19 on Air Transportation Network in the United States, Europe, and China" Sustainability 13, no. 17: 9656. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179656

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